ORACLE 12C RAC主要gc等待事件

ORACLE 12C RAC中有很多GC等待事件,这里重点介绍一些常见的GC等待事件,以便在以后遇到类似问题方便分析

RAC等待事件

在本节中我将讨论重要的RAC等待事件。这还不是全部等待事件的完整列表,只是一个最常见的等待事件的列表。

GC当前块2-Way/3-Way

当前块的等待事件意味着被传输的块的版本是块的最新版本。这个等待事件读取和写入活动中都可能遇到。如果该块被访问是以读取活动进行,那么该资源上锁以KJUSERPR(PR)模式获得。刚才我在“资源和锁定”一节中所讨论的示例展示了KJUSERPR模式的锁。

在下面的例子中,我从表t_one中查询一行,造成连接到节点2的磁盘读。查看SQL跟踪文件,没有全局缓存等待事件。原因是该块被本地掌控(本地实例是master),所以FG进程中可直接获取该资源上锁,而不会产生任何全局缓存等待。这种类型的锁也被称为亲和力锁定(相似度锁定)方案。动态掌握资源(DRM,Dynamic Resource Mastering)的部分将详细讨论相似度锁定(亲和力锁定)。

RS@ORCL2:2> @tc_one_row.sql

N1 FNO BLOCK OBJ V1

———- ———- ———- ———- ———-

100 4 180 75742 250

Trace file:

nam=’db file sequential read’ ela= 563 file#=4 block#=180 blocks=1 obj#=75742

我连接到实例1(注释5)查询同一行数据。由于该块已经缓存在实例2,因此该块从实例2传输到实例1。跟踪显示,等待事件gc current block 2-way由于file_id=4,BLOCK_ID=180块而被遇到了。这个块传输是一个两路的块传输,因为该资源的拥有实例和资源主实例(实例2)是相同的。

SYS@ORCL1:1> @tc_one_row.sql

N1 FNO BLOCK OBJ V1

———- ———- ———- ———- ———-

100 4 180 75742 250

Trace file:

nam=’gc current block 2-way’ ela= 629 p1=4 p2=180 p3=1 obj#=75742 tim=1350440823837572

接下来,我将创建一个3路等待事件的条件,但首先让我在所有三个实例上刷新缓冲区,开始用干净的缓冲区。在以下示例中:

1.我将连接到实例1查询(这将加载块到实例1的缓冲区高速缓存中)这行数据。

2.我将连接到一个实例,并从实例3查询同一行。我会话的FG进程将为这一数据块请求运行在实例2上的LMS进程(因为实例2是该资源的掌控者)。

3.实例2的LMS进程将请求转发给实例1的LMS进程。

4.实例1的LMS进程将发送块给运行在实例3上的FG进程。

从本质上讲,三个实例参与一个数据块的传输,因此,这是一个三路块传输。

–alter system flush buffer_cache; –在所有实例上

RS@ORCL1:1> @tc_one_row.sql

N1 FNO BLOCK OBJ V1

———- ———- ———- ———- ———-

100 4 180 75742 250

RS@ORCL3:3> @tc_one_row.sql

N1 FNO BLOCK OBJ V1

———- ———- ———- ———- ———-

100 4 180 75742 250

Trace file:

nam=’gc current block 3-way’ ela= 798 p1=4 p2=180 p3=1 obj#=75742

连接到实例2查看资源锁,我们看到在该资源上有两个锁被持,分别是实例1和实例3(owner_node等于0和2)。

RS@ORCL2:2> SELECT resource_name1, grant_level, state, owner_node

FROM v$ges_enqueue

WHERE resource_name1 LIKE ‘[0xb4][0x4],[BL]%’;

RESOURCE_NAME1 GRANT_LEV STATE OWNER_NODE

—————————— ——— ————- ———-

[0xb4][0x4],[BL][ext 0x0,0x0] KJUSERPR GRANTED 2

[0xb4][0x4],[BL][ext 0x0,0x0] KJUSERPR GRANTED 0

在gc current block 2-way or gc current block 3-way等待事件上的过多等待,通常要么是由于(a)一种低效的执行计划,导致了大量的块访问,或者(b)应用数据相似度(应用亲和力)没有被实施。如果对象访问本地化,考虑实施应用亲和力(应用数据的相似度)。此外,使用前面一节中讨论的技术“所有等待事件的通用分析”。

GC CR Block 2-Way/3-Way

CR模式的块传输发生在只读访问的请求中。考虑这样一个场景:一个块以CURRENT模式驻留在实例2上,实例2以独占模式保持了该资源的BL锁。另一个会话连接到实例1来请求该块,阻止。由于Oracle数据库中“其他人看不到未提交的更改”,SELECT语句请求一个查询开始时间的块的特定版本。SCN被用于标识块版本,本质上,SELECT语句请求的版本与块的SCN一致。LMS进程维护实例2的请求,以CURRENT的模式克隆该块到缓冲区,验证SCN版本与请求是一致的,然后发送该块的CR拷贝给FG进程。

这些CR模式传输和CURRENT模式传输之间的主要区别在于,在CR模式传输的情况下,在GRD中没有资源或锁来维护CR缓冲区。从本质上讲,CR模式块不需要全局缓存资源或锁。接收到的CR副本只能由提出请求的会话使用,并且只适用于这个特定的SQL执行中。这就是为什么Oracle数据库不对CR传输获取BL资源的任何锁。

由于没有全局缓存锁保护缓冲区,连接到实例1再次执行这个SQL语句访问那个块时将遭遇gc cr block 2-way 或者 gc cr block 3-way等待事件。

因此,每次从实例1访问该块都将触发新CR缓冲区的构造。即使在实例2的缓冲区没有发生该块修改,在实例1中的FG进程仍然会遭遇到CR等待事件。驻留在实例1的CR缓冲区是不能重复使用的,因为每SQL执行请求查询时的SCN会有所不同。

下面的跟踪显示了一个块从资源主实例以0.6毫秒的延迟被传输到请求实例。另外,file_id,BLOCK_ID,和跟踪文件中的object_id信息,可以被用来识别正在遭遇这两个等待事件的对象。当然,也可以通过查询ASH数据来识别该对象。

nam=’gc cr block 2-way’ ela= 627 p1=7 p2=6852 p3=1 obj#=76483 tim=37221074057

执行tc_one_row.sql五次,然后查询缓冲区头信息后,你可以看到在两个实例1和2有五个该块的CR缓冲区。请注意,CR_SCN_BAS和CR_SCN_WRP 列(注释6)显示了每个CR缓冲副本不同的值。查询GV$ ges_resource和GV$ ges_enqueue,你也可以看到有没有GC锁保护这些缓冲区。

清单10-10 缓冲区状态

SELECT

DECODE(state,0,’free’,1,’xcur’,2,’scur’,3,’cr’, 4,’read’,5,’mrec’,

6,’irec’,7,’write’,8,’pi’, 9,’memory’,10,’mwrite’,

11,’donated’, 12,’protected’, 13,’securefile’, 14,’siop’,

15,’recckpt’, 16, ‘flashfree’, 17, ‘flashcur’, 18, ‘flashna’) state,

mode_held, le_addr, dbarfil, dbablk, cr_scn_bas, cr_scn_wrp , class

FROM sys.x$bh

WHERE obj= &&obj

AND dbablk= &&block

AND state!=0 ;

Enter value for obj: 75742

Enter value for block: 180

STATE MODE_HELD LE DBARFIL DBABLK CR_SCN_BAS CR_SCN_WRP CLASS

———- ———- — ————– ———- ———- ———- ———-

cr 0 00 1 75742 649314930 3015 1

cr 0 00 1 75742 648947873 3015 1

cr 0 00 1 75742 648926281 3015 1

cr 0 00 1 75742 648810300 3015 1

cr 0 00 1 75742 1177328436 3013 1

CR缓冲区的创建是一个特例,它并不需要获取全局缓存锁来保护CR缓冲区。如果频繁访问的对象上有长时间未提交的事物就可能会出现CR风暴。因此,明智的做法是把更新大量表数据的批处理安排在一个不太繁忙的时间段。

GC CR Grant 2-Way/Gc Current Grant 2-Way

如果被请求的块没有驻留在任何缓冲区中,就会遭遇gc cr grant 2-way 和 gc current grant 2-way等待事件。FG进程向LMS进程请求一个块,但块没有驻留在任何缓冲区。因此,LMS进程回复一条授权FG进程从磁盘读取的块的消息。FG进程从磁盘读取该块并继续后续的处理。

下面一行显示了为了访问file_id=4和lock_id=180数据块,FG进程接收到来自LMS进程的授权响应。下一行显示了,执行了一个从磁盘读取块的物理读。

nam=’gc cr grant 2-way’ ela= 402 p1=4 p2=180 p3=1 obj#=75742

nam=’db file sequential read’ ela= 553 file#=4 block#=180 blocks=1 obj#=75742

过多的此类等待意味着,要么缓冲区高速缓存太小,要么SQL语句的执行过分的刷新了缓冲区高速缓存。识别正在遭遇此类等待事件的SQL语句和对象,并优化这些SQL语句。

DRM功能的设计就是为了减少发生这类授权相关的等待事件。

GC CR Block Busy/GC Current Block Busy

繁忙事件(Busy events)表明,LMS执行了额外的工作去处理并发相关的问题。例如,要建立一个CR块,LMS进程可能要应用撤消记录(undo records),重构一个与查询的SCN一致的块。在把该块回传给FG过程时,LMS将标记块传输是否遇到gc cr block busy或gc current block busy等待事件,这取决于块传输的类型。

GC CR Block Congested/GC Current Block Congested

如果LMS进程在接收到请求后没有在1毫秒内处理该请求,那么LMS进程标记这个响应为:该块正遭遇拥堵相关的等待事件。堵塞相关的等待事件有很多原因,比如说,LMS进程被大量全局高速缓存的请求所淹没。LMS进程正遭遇CPU的调度延迟,LMS进程已经遇到了另一种资源耗尽(如内存)等。

通常情况下,LMS进程运行在实时CPU调度优先级,因此,CPU调度的延迟将是最小的。大量这类的等待此事件表明出现了全局缓存请求的突然飙升,且LMS进程无法快速处理这些请求。服务器内存匮乏也可能导致LMS进程的分页,影响全局缓存的性能。

您可以去检查为什么LMS进程不能够有效地处理请求。

因asm sga_target设置不当导致11gr2 rac无法正常启动

2014年第一个故障排查和解决:同事反馈给我说solaris 11.2 两节点rac无法启动,让我帮忙看下。通过分析是因为sga_target参数设置不合理导致asm无法正常启动
GI无法正常启动

grid@zwq-rpt1:~$crsctl status resource -t
CRS-4535: Cannot communicate with Cluster Ready Services
CRS-4000: Command Status failed, or completed with errors.
grid@zwq-rpt1:~$crsctl status resource -t -init
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NAME           TARGET  STATE        SERVER                   STATE_DETAILS       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.asm
      1        ONLINE  OFFLINE                               Instance Shutdown   
ora.cluster_interconnect.haip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt1                                     
ora.crf
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt1                                     
ora.crsd
      1        ONLINE  OFFLINE                                                   
ora.cssd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt1                                     
ora.cssdmonitor
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt1                                     
ora.ctssd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt1                 ACTIVE:0            
ora.diskmon
      1        OFFLINE OFFLINE                                                   
ora.evmd
      1        ONLINE  INTERMEDIATE zwq-rpt1                                     
ora.gipcd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt1                                     
ora.gpnpd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt1                                     
ora.mdnsd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt1                                     

asm未正常启动

GI日志报错

2014-01-01 00:40:47.708
[cssd(1418)]CRS-1605:CSSD voting file is online: /dev/rdsk/emcpower0a; details in /export/home/app/grid/log/zwq-rpt1/cssd/ocssd.log.
2014-01-01 00:40:53.234
[cssd(1418)]CRS-1601:CSSD Reconfiguration complete. Active nodes are zwq-rpt1 zwq-rpt2 .
2014-01-01 00:40:56.659
[ctssd(1483)]CRS-2407:The new Cluster Time Synchronization Service reference node is host zwq-rpt2.
2014-01-01 00:40:56.661
[ctssd(1483)]CRS-2401:The Cluster Time Synchronization Service started on host zwq-rpt1.
2014-01-01 00:41:02.016
[ctssd(1483)]CRS-2408:The clock on host zwq-rpt1 has been updated by the Cluster Time Synchronization Service to be synchronous with the mean cluster time.
2014-01-01 00:43:23.874
[/export/home/app/grid/bin/oraagent.bin(1348)]CRS-5019:All OCR locations are on ASM disk groups [], and none of these disk groups are mounted. Details are at "(:CLSN00100:)" in "/export/home/app/grid/log/zwq-rpt1/agent/ohasd/oraagent_grid/oraagent_grid.log".
2014-01-01 00:45:42.837
[/export/home/app/grid/bin/oraagent.bin(1348)]CRS-5019:All OCR locations are on ASM disk groups [], and none of these disk groups are mounted. Details are at "(:CLSN00100:)" in "/export/home/app/grid/log/zwq-rpt1/agent/ohasd/oraagent_grid/oraagent_grid.log".
2014-01-01 00:48:02.087
[/export/home/app/grid/bin/oraagent.bin(1348)]CRS-5019:All OCR locations are on ASM disk groups [], and none of these disk groups are mounted. Details are at "(:CLSN00100:)" in "/export/home/app/grid/log/zwq-rpt1/agent/ohasd/oraagent_grid/oraagent_grid.log".
2014-01-01 00:48:18.836
[ohasd(1083)]CRS-2807:Resource 'ora.asm' failed to start automatically.
2014-01-01 00:48:18.837
[ohasd(1083)]CRS-2807:Resource 'ora.crsd' failed to start automatically.
2014-01-01 01:05:15.396
[/export/home/app/grid/bin/oraagent.bin(1348)]CRS-5019:All OCR locations are on ASM disk groups [CRSDG], and none of these disk groups are mounted. Details are at "(:CLSN00100:)" in "/export/home/app/grid/log/zwq-rpt1/agent/ohasd/oraagent_grid/oraagent_grid.log".
2014-01-01 01:05:45.101
[/export/home/app/grid/bin/oraagent.bin(1348)]CRS-5019:All OCR locations are on ASM disk groups [CRSDG], and none of these disk groups are mounted. Details are at "(:CLSN00100:)" in "/export/home/app/grid/log/zwq-rpt1/agent/ohasd/oraagent_grid/oraagent_grid.log".
2014-01-01 01:06:15.104
[/export/home/app/grid/bin/oraagent.bin(1348)]CRS-5019:All OCR locations are on ASM disk groups [CRSDG], and none of these disk groups are mounted. Details are at "(:CLSN00100:)" in "/export/home/app/grid/log/zwq-rpt1/agent/ohasd/oraagent_grid/oraagent_grid.log".

这里较为明显的看到,因为asm磁盘组异常导致ocr无法被访问导致crs无法正常启动

ORAAGENT日志

2014-01-01 00:43:23.870: [ora.asm][9] {0:0:2} [start] InstConnection::connectInt (2) Exception OCIException
2014-01-01 00:43:23.870: [ora.asm][9] {0:0:2} [start] InstConnection:connect:excp OCIException OCI error 604
2014-01-01 00:43:23.870: [ora.asm][9] {0:0:2} [start] DgpAgent::queryDgStatus excp ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-04031: unable to allocate 32 bytes of shared memory ("shared pool","unknown object","KGLH0^34f764db","kglHeapInitialize:temp")

报了较为清晰的ORA-4031错误,检查asm日志

ASM日志报错

Wed Jan 01 00:47:33 2014
ORACLE_BASE not set in environment. It is recommended
that ORACLE_BASE be set in the environment
Reusing ORACLE_BASE from an earlier startup = /export/home/app/oracle
Wed Jan 01 00:47:39 2014
Errors in file /export/home/app/oracle/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_ora_1728.trc  (incident=291447):
ORA-04031: unable to allocate 32 bytes of shared memory ("shared pool","unknown object","KGLH0^34f764db","kglHeapInitialize:temp")
Incident details in: /export/home/app/oracle/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/incident/incdir_291447/+ASM1_ora_1728_i291447.trc
Wed Jan 01 00:47:48 2014
Dumping diagnostic data in directory=[cdmp_20140101004748], requested by (instance=1, osid=1728), summary=[incident=291447].
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Wed Jan 01 00:47:53 2014
Errors in file /export/home/app/oracle/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_ora_1730.trc  (incident=291448):
ORA-04031: unable to allocate 32 bytes of shared memory ("shared pool","unknown object","KGLH0^34f764db","kglHeapInitialize:temp")
Incident details in: /export/home/app/oracle/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/incident/incdir_291448/+ASM1_ora_1730_i291448.trc
Wed Jan 01 00:48:01 2014
Dumping diagnostic data in directory=[cdmp_20140101004801], requested by (instance=1, osid=1730), summary=[incident=291448].
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Wed Jan 01 00:48:07 2014
Errors in file /export/home/app/oracle/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_ora_1732.trc  (incident=291449):
ORA-04031: unable to allocate 32 bytes of shared memory ("shared pool","unknown object","KGLH0^34f764db","kglHeapInitialize:temp")
Incident details in: /export/home/app/oracle/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/incident/incdir_291449/+ASM1_ora_1732_i291449.trc
Wed Jan 01 00:48:16 2014
Dumping diagnostic data in directory=[cdmp_20140101004816], requested by (instance=1, osid=1732), summary=[incident=291449].
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Wed Jan 01 00:48:16 2014
License high water mark = 1
USER (ospid: 1736): terminating the instance
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 1736

这里可以清晰的看到,因为shared pool不足,导致asm报ora-4031错误,从而使得asm无法正常启动

分析原因

Starting up:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options.
ORACLE_HOME = /export/home/app/grid
System name:	SunOS
Node name:	zwq-rpt1
Release:	5.11
Version:	11.1
Machine:	sun4v
Using parameter settings in server-side spfile +CRSDG/zwq-rpt-cluster/asmparameterfile/registry.253.823992831
System parameters with non-default values:
  sga_max_size             = 2G
  large_pool_size          = 16M
  instance_type            = "asm"
  sga_target               = 0
  remote_login_passwordfile= "EXCLUSIVE"
  asm_diskstring           = "/dev/rdsk/*"
  asm_diskgroups           = "FRADG"
  asm_diskgroups           = "DATADG"
  asm_power_limit          = 1
  diagnostic_dest          = "/export/home/app/oracle"

这里可以看到sga_target被设置为了0,而shared pool又未被配置,这里因为shared pool不足从而出现了ORA-4031,从而导致crs在启动asm的过程失败,从而使得ocr不能被访问,进而使得crs不能正常启动.

处理方法
1.编辑pfile

grid@zwq-rpt1:/export/home/app/oracle/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace$vi /tmp/asm.pfile

  memory_target = 2G
  large_pool_size          = 16M
  instance_type            = "asm"
  sga_target               = 0
  remote_login_passwordfile= "EXCLUSIVE"
  asm_diskstring           = "/dev/rdsk/*"
  asm_diskgroups           = "FRADG"
  asm_diskgroups           = "DATADG"
  asm_power_limit          = 1
  diagnostic_dest          = "/export/home/app/oracle"

2.启动asm

grid@zwq-rpt1:/export/home/app/oracle/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace$sqlplus / as sysasm

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Wed Jan 1 01:04:10 2014

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup pfile='/tmp/asm.pfile'
ASM instance started

Total System Global Area 2138521600 bytes
Fixed Size                  2161024 bytes
Variable Size            2102806144 bytes
ASM Cache                  33554432 bytes
ASM diskgroups mounted

3. 创建spfile

SQL> create spfile='+CRSDG' FROM PFILE='/tmp/asm.pfile';

File created.

--asm alert日志
Wed Jan 01 01:08:59 2014
NOTE: updated gpnp profile ASM SPFILE to 
NOTE: updated gpnp profile ASM diskstring: /dev/rdsk/*
NOTE: updated gpnp profile ASM diskstring: /dev/rdsk/*
NOTE: updated gpnp profile ASM SPFILE to +CRSDG/zwq-rpt-cluster/asmparameterfile/registry.253.835664939

4. 关闭asm

SQL> shutdown immediate
ORA-15097: cannot SHUTDOWN ASM instance with connected client (process 1971)
SQL> shutdown abort
ASM instance shutdown

5. 重启crs

root@zwq-rpt1:~# crsctl stop crs -f
root@zwq-rpt1:~# crsctl start crs

6. 重启其他节点crs

root@zwq-rpt2:~# crsctl stop crs -f
root@zwq-rpt2:~# crsctl start crs

7. 检查结果

root@zwq-rpt1:~# crsctl status res -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NAME           TARGET  STATE        SERVER                   STATE_DETAILS       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.CRSDG.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt1                                     
               ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt2                                     
ora.DATADG.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt1                                     
               ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt2                                     
ora.FRADG.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt1                                     
               ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt2                                     
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt1                                     
               ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt2                                     
ora.asm
               ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt1                 Started             
               ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt2                 Started             
ora.gsd
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      zwq-rpt1                                     
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      zwq-rpt2                                     
ora.net1.network
               ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt1                                     
               ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt2                                     
ora.ons
               ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt1                                     
               ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt2                                     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt1                                     
ora.cvu
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt1                                     
ora.oc4j
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt1                                     
ora.rptdb.db
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt1                 Open                
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt2                 Open                
ora.scan1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt1                                     
ora.zwq-rpt1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt1                                     
ora.zwq-rpt2.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       zwq-rpt2                  

至此恢复正常,2014年第一个故障顺利解决

ORACLE 12C RAC hub AND leaf 相互转换

感谢Lunar的指导,完成ORACLE 12C RAC hub和leaf相互转换,参考官方文档Oracle Flex Clusters部分
当前数据库状态

--集群状态
[root@rac1 ~]# crsctl status res -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Name           Target  State        Server                   State details       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.DATA.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.SYSDB_NEW.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.SYSDG.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.net1.network
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.ons
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.proxy_advm
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN2.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN3.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.MGMTLSNR
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     169.254.177.226 10.1
                                                             .1.104,STABLE
ora.asm
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
      3        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.cvu
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.gns
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.gns.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.mgmtdb
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     Open,STABLE
ora.oc4j
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.ora12c.db
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     Open,STABLE
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     Open,STABLE
ora.rac1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
ora.rac2.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.scan1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
ora.scan2.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.scan3.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

--rac运行在flex模式
[root@rac1 ~]#  crsctl get cluster mode status
Cluster is running in "flex" mode

--asm运行在flex模式
[grid@rac1 ~]$ asmcmd
ASMCMD> showclustermode
ASM cluster : Flex mode enabled

--节点角色
[root@rac1 ~]# crsctl get node role config
Node 'rac1' configured role is 'hub'
[root@rac2 ~]# crsctl get node role config
Node 'rac2' configured role is 'hub'

转换hub to leaf

--转换hub为leaf
[root@rac1 ~]# crsctl set node role leaf
CRS-4408: Node 'rac1' configured role successfully changed; restart Oracle High Availability Services for new role to take effect.

--关闭集群
[root@rac1 ~]# crsctl stop crs
CRS-2791: Starting shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'rac1'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2790: Starting shutdown of Cluster Ready Services-managed resources on 'rac1'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr' on 'rac1'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.LISTENER.lsnr' on 'rac1'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.SYSDB_NEW.dg' on 'rac1'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.DATA.dg' on 'rac1'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.SYSDG.dg' on 'rac1'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ora12c.db' on 'rac1'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.proxy_advm' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.LISTENER.lsnr' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.rac1.vip' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.scan1.vip' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.rac1.vip' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.rac1.vip' on 'rac2'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ora12c.db' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.scan1.vip' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.scan1.vip' on 'rac2'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.rac1.vip' on 'rac2' succeeded
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.SYSDB_NEW.dg' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.scan1.vip' on 'rac2' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr' on 'rac2'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.DATA.dg' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.SYSDG.dg' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.asm' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.asm' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr' on 'rac2' succeeded
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.proxy_advm' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ons' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ons' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.net1.network' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.net1.network' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2792: Shutdown of Cluster Ready Services-managed resources on 'rac1' has completed
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.storage' on 'rac1'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.crf' on 'rac1'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.drivers.acfs' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.storage' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.asm' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.drivers.acfs' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.crf' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.asm' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.evmd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.evmd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2793: Shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'rac1' has completed
CRS-4133: Oracle High Availability Services has been stopped.

--启动集群
[root@rac1 ~]# crsctl start crs -wait
CRS-4123: Starting Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.evmd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.evmd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.diskmon' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.diskmon' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2789: Cannot stop resource 'ora.diskmon' as it is not running on server 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'rac1'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.storage' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.storage' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.crf' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.crf' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-6017: Processing resource auto-start for servers: rac1
CRS-6016: Resource auto-start has completed for server rac1
CRS-6024: Completed start of Oracle Cluster Ready Services-managed resources
CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started.

--hub转换为leaf后状态
[root@rac1 ~]# crsctl stat res -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Name           Target  State        Server                   State details       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.DATA.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.SYSDB_NEW.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.SYSDG.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.net1.network
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.ons
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.proxy_advm
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN2.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN3.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.MGMTLSNR
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     169.254.177.226 10.1
                                                             .1.104,STABLE
ora.asm
      1        ONLINE  OFFLINE                               STABLE
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
      3        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.cvu
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.gns
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.gns.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.mgmtdb
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     Open,STABLE
ora.oc4j
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.ora12c.db
      1        ONLINE  OFFLINE                               Instance Shutdown,ST
                                                             ABLE
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     Open,STABLE
ora.rac1.vip
      1        ONLINE  INTERMEDIATE rac2                     FAILED OVER,STABLE
ora.rac2.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.scan1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.scan2.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.scan3.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

--集群角色
[root@rac1 ~]# crsctl get node role config
Node 'rac1' configured role is 'leaf'
[root@rac2 ~]# crsctl get node role config
Node 'rac2' configured role is 'hub'

leaf转换为hub

--leaf转换为hub
[root@rac1 ~]# crsctl set node role hub
CRS-4408: Node 'rac1' configured role successfully changed; restart Oracle High Availability Services for new role to take effect.

--关闭集群
[root@rac1 ~]# crsctl stop crs
CRS-2791: Starting shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'rac1'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.storage' on 'rac1'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.drivers.acfs' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.storage' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.drivers.acfs' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.crf' on 'rac1'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.evmd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.crf' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.evmd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2793: Shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'rac1' has completed
CRS-4133: Oracle High Availability Services has been stopped.

--启动集群
[root@rac1 ~]# crsctl start crs -wait
CRS-4123: Starting Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.evmd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.evmd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.diskmon' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.diskmon' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2789: Cannot stop resource 'ora.diskmon' as it is not running on server 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'rac1'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.asm' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.asm' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.storage' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.storage' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.crf' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.crf' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-6017: Processing resource auto-start for servers: rac1
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.ons' on 'rac1'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.rac1.vip' on 'rac2'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr' on 'rac1'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr' on 'rac2'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr' on 'rac2' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.scan1.vip' on 'rac2'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.rac1.vip' on 'rac2' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.rac1.vip' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.scan1.vip' on 'rac2' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.scan1.vip' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.rac1.vip' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.LISTENER.lsnr' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.scan1.vip' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.ons' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.LISTENER.lsnr' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.asm' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.asm' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.proxy_advm' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.proxy_advm' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.ora12c.db' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.ora12c.db' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-6016: Resource auto-start has completed for server rac1
CRS-6024: Completed start of Oracle Cluster Ready Services-managed resources
CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started.

--集群状态
[root@rac1 ~]# crsctl stat res -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Name           Target  State        Server                   State details       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.DATA.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.SYSDB_NEW.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.SYSDG.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.net1.network
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.ons
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.proxy_advm
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN2.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN3.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.MGMTLSNR
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     169.254.177.226 10.1
                                                             .1.104,STABLE
ora.asm
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
      3        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.cvu
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.gns
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.gns.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.mgmtdb
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     Open,STABLE
ora.oc4j
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.ora12c.db
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     Open,STABLE
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     Open,STABLE
ora.rac1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
ora.rac2.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.scan1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
ora.scan2.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
ora.scan3.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

--集群角色
[root@rac1 ~]# crsctl get node role config
Node 'rac1' configured role is 'hub'
[root@rac2 ~]# crsctl get node role config
Node 'rac2' configured role is 'hub'

这里实现了ORACLE 12C RAC的leaf和hub 角色相互转换,在转换的过程中需要转移确认集群和ASM均为flex mode,如果参考相关文档完成转换

OLR相关维护

官方关于OLR描述
OLR is a registry similar to OCR located on each node in a cluster, but contains information specific to each node. It contains manageability information about Oracle Clusterware, including dependencies between various services. Oracle High Availability Services uses this information. OLR is located on local storage on each node in a cluster. Its default location is in the path Grid_home/cdata/host_name.olr, where Grid_home is the Oracle Grid Infrastructure home, and host_name is the host name of the node.
OLR是类似OCR的东西,存储在集群的每个节点本地

查看OLR位置

[root@rac2 cdata]# cd /etc/oracle
[root@rac2 oracle]# ls -l
total 2868
drwxrwx--- 2 root oinstall    4096 Nov 24 20:00 lastgasp
drwxrwxrwt 2 root oinstall    4096 Dec 21 20:51 maps
-rw-r--r-- 1 root oinstall      96 Nov 25 18:38 ocr.loc
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root           0 Nov 24 19:58 ocr.loc.orig
-rw-r--r-- 1 root oinstall      80 Nov 24 19:58 olr.loc
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root           0 Nov 24 19:58 olr.loc.orig
drwxrwxr-x 5 root oinstall    4096 Nov 24 19:57 oprocd
drwxr-xr-x 3 root oinstall    4096 Nov 24 19:57 scls_scr
-rws--x--- 1 root oinstall 2904377 Nov 24 19:57 setasmgid
[root@rac2 oracle]# more olr.loc
olrconfig_loc=/u01/app/12.1.0/grid/cdata/rac2.olr
crs_home=/u01/app/12.1.0/grid
--在部分平台olr.loc文件可能在/var/opt/oracle/目录下

[root@rac2 oracle]#  ocrcheck -config -local
Oracle Local Registry configuration is :
         Device/File Name         : /u01/app/12.1.0/grid/cdata/rac2.olr

[root@rac2 oracle]# ocrcheck -local
Status of Oracle Local Registry is as follows :
         Version                  :          4
         Total space (kbytes)     :     409568
         Used space (kbytes)      :        996
         Available space (kbytes) :     408572
         ID                       :  816087519
         Device/File Name         : /u01/app/12.1.0/grid/cdata/rac2.olr
                                    Device/File integrity check succeeded

         Local registry integrity check succeeded

         Logical corruption check succeeded

[root@rac2 oracle]# ls -l /u01/app/12.1.0/grid/cdata/rac2.olr
-rw------- 1 root oinstall 503484416 Dec 22 12:09 /u01/app/12.1.0/grid/cdata/rac2.olr

查看OLR备份

[root@rac2 oracle]# ocrconfig -local -showbackup

rac2     2013/11/24 20:02:38     /u01/app/12.1.0/grid/cdata/rac2/backup_20131124_200238.olr

备份OLR

[root@rac2 oracle]# ocrconfig -local -manualbackup

rac2     2013/12/22 12:09:33     /u01/app/12.1.0/grid/cdata/rac2/backup_20131222_120933.olr

rac2     2013/11/24 20:02:38     /u01/app/12.1.0/grid/cdata/rac2/backup_20131124_200238.olr

[root@rac2 oracle]# ls -l /u01/app/12.1.0/grid/cdata/rac2/
total 1908
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  860160 Nov 24 20:02 backup_20131124_200238.olr
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1085440 Dec 22 12:09 backup_20131222_120933.olr

OLR异常恢复

--破坏OLR
[root@rac2 oracle]# ls -l /u01/app/12.1.0/grid/cdata/rac2.olr
-rw------- 1 root oinstall 503484416 Dec 22 12:09 /u01/app/12.1.0/grid/cdata/rac2.olr
[root@rac2 oracle]# /u01/app/12.1.0/grid/cdata/rac2.olr /u01/app/12.1.0/grid/cdata/rac2.olr_bak

--关闭crs
[root@rac2 oracle]# crsctl stop crs

--启动crs报错
[root@rac2 oracle]# crsctl start crs
PROCL-26: Error while accessing the physical storage Operating System error [No such file or directory] [2]
CRS-4000: Command Start failed, or completed with errors.

--跟踪crs启动
[root@rac2 oracle]# strace crsctl start crs
……
uname({sys="Linux", node="rac2", ...})  = 0
open("/etc/oracle/olr.loc", O_RDONLY)   = 14
fstat(14, {st_mode=S_IFREG|0644, st_size=80, ...}) = 0
mmap(NULL, 4096, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0) = 0x7fd8ac628000
read(14, "olrconfig_loc=/u01/app/12.1.0/gr"..., 4096) = 80
read(14, "", 4096)                      = 0
close(14)                               = 0
munmap(0x7fd8ac628000, 4096)            = 0
stat("/u01/app/12.1.0/grid/cdata/rac2.olr", 0x7fffa215a580) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory)
--这里可以看到先是读取/etc/oracle/olr.loc,然后获取/u01/app/12.1.0/grid/cdata/rac2.olr失败
……
--确定ohasd.bin关闭
[root@rac2 cdata]# ps -ef|grep ohasd
root     15715 31578  0 14:34 pts/3    00:00:00 grep ohasd

--还原OLR
[root@rac2 oracle]# ocrconfig -local -restore /u01/app/12.1.0/grid/cdata/rac2/backup_20131124_200238.olr
PROTL-35: The configured OLR location is not accessible
[root@rac2 oracle]# cd /u01/app/12.1.0/grid/cdata/
[root@rac2 cdata]# ls
localhost  rac12c-cluster  rac2  rac2.olr_bak
[root@rac2 cdata]# touch rac2.olr
[root@rac2 cdata]# chmod 600 rac2.olr
[root@rac2 cdata]# ocrconfig -local -restore /u01/app/12.1.0/grid/cdata/rac2/backup_20131124_200238.olr

--确定还原成功
[root@rac2 cdata]# ls -l
total 84200
drwxr-xr-x 2 grid oinstall      4096 Nov 24 19:37 localhost
drwxrwxr-x 2 grid oinstall      4096 Dec 22 09:07 rac12c-cluster
drwxr-xr-x 2 grid oinstall      4096 Dec 22 12:09 rac2
-rw------- 1 root root     503484416 Dec 22 14:29 rac2.olr
-rw------- 1 root oinstall 503484416 Dec 22 12:43 rac2.olr_bak

--启动crs
[root@rac2 cdata]# crsctl start crs
CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started.

其他OLR命令

To export OLR to a file:
# ocrconfig –local –export file_name

To import a specified file to OLR:
# ocrconfig –local –import file_name

To view the contents of the OLR file:
ocrdump -local file_name

To view the contents of the OLR backup file:
ocrdump -local -backupfile olr_backup_file_name

To change the OLR backup location:
ocrconfig -local -backuploc new_olr_backup_path

当OLR异常时,RAC节点不能正常启动,而且OLR不像OCR会定时自动备份,建议人工定时备份OLR

ORACLE 12C RAC修改ocr/votedisk/asm spfile所在磁盘组名称

今天看着我这个单节点的12C rac,突然觉得ocr所在的磁盘组叫做+DG_SYS有点不舒服,想改成+SYS_DG。处理方法是先把ocr/votedisk/asm spfile迁移到已经存在的asm中,然后修改磁盘组名称,最后迁移到新名称磁盘组中(本次处理流程+DG_SYS—>+DATA—>+SYS_DG)
当前运行情况

[grid@xifenfei ~]$ crsctl status res -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Name           Target  State        Server                   State details       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.DATA.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.net1.network
               ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.ons
               ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.proxy_advm
               ONLINE  OFFLINE      xifenfei                 STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.MGMTLSNR
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 169.254.196.108 10.1
                                                             0.30.22,STABLE
ora.asm
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 Started,STABLE
      2        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
      3        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.cdb.db
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 Open,STABLE
ora.cvu
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.oc4j
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.scan1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.xifenfei.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

SQL> select * from v$version;

BANNER                                                                               CON_ID
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.1.0 - 64bit Production              0
PL/SQL Release 12.1.0.1.0 - Production                                                    0
CORE    12.1.0.1.0      Production                                                                0
TNS for Linux: Version 12.1.0.1.0 - Production                                            0
NLSRTL Version 12.1.0.1.0 - Production                                                    0

SQL> select name,state from v$asm_diskgroup;

NAME                           STATE
------------------------------ -----------
DG_SYS                         MOUNTED
DATA                           MOUNTED

[grid@xifenfei ~]$ crsctl query css votedisk
##  STATE    File Universal Id                File Name Disk group
--  -----    -----------------                --------- ---------
1. ONLINE   60a037da30714f6bbfe5d90206ff27a7 (/dev/sdc2) [DG_SYS]
Located 1 voting disk(s).

[grid@xifenfei ~]$ ocrcheck
Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows :
         Version                  :          4
         Total space (kbytes)     :     409568
         Used space (kbytes)      :       1380
         Available space (kbytes) :     408188
         ID                       : 2132096904
         Device/File Name         :    +DG_SYS
                                    Device/File integrity check succeeded

                                    Device/File not configured

                                    Device/File not configured

                                    Device/File not configured

                                    Device/File not configured

         Cluster registry integrity check succeeded

         Logical corruption check bypassed due to non-privileged user

SQL> show parameter spfile;

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
spfile                               string      +DG_SYS/xff-cluster/ASMPARAMET
                                                 ERFILE/registry.253.825640465

修改ocr路径
ocrconfig -add和ocrconfig -delete完成ocr更换磁盘组,该过程可以在线处理

[root@xifenfei ~]# ocrconfig -add +data
--alert 日志
2013-09-09 22:32:40.799: 
[crsd(5064)]CRS-1007:The OCR/OCR mirror location was replaced by +data.

[root@xifenfei ~]# ocrcheck
Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows :
         Version                  :          4
         Total space (kbytes)     :     409568
         Used space (kbytes)      :       1380
         Available space (kbytes) :     408188
         ID                       : 2132096904
         Device/File Name         :    +DG_SYS
                                    Device/File integrity check succeeded
         Device/File Name         :      +data
                                    Device/File integrity check succeeded

                                    Device/File not configured

                                    Device/File not configured

                                    Device/File not configured

         Cluster registry integrity check succeeded

[root@xifenfei ~]# ocrconfig -delete +DG_SYS

--alert 日志
2013-09-09 22:35:53.585: 
[crsd(5064)]CRS-1010:The OCR mirror location +DG_SYS was removed.

[root@xifenfei ~]# ocrcheck
Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows :
         Version                  :          4
         Total space (kbytes)     :     409568
         Used space (kbytes)      :       1380
         Available space (kbytes) :     408188
         ID                       : 2132096904
         Device/File Name         :      +data
                                    Device/File integrity check succeeded

                                    Device/File not configured

                                    Device/File not configured

                                    Device/File not configured

                                    Device/File not configured

         Cluster registry integrity check succeeded

         Logical corruption check succeeded

修改votedisk路径
通过crsctl replace votedisk命令修改

[root@xifenfei ~]# crsctl replace votedisk +DATA
Successful addition of voting disk 161ddea0a5fe4f28bfb67536e6105122.
Successful deletion of voting disk 60a037da30714f6bbfe5d90206ff27a7.
Successfully replaced voting disk group with +DATA.
CRS-4266: Voting file(s) successfully replaced

-alert日志
2013-09-09 22:38:15.259: 
[cssd(4685)]CRS-1605:CSSD voting file is online: /dev/sdb; details in /u01/app/12.1/grid/product/log/xifenfei/cssd/ocssd.log.
2013-09-09 22:38:15.259: 
[cssd(4685)]CRS-1626:A Configuration change request completed successfully
2013-09-09 22:38:15.285: 
[cssd(4685)]CRS-1601:CSSD Reconfiguration complete. Active nodes are xifenfei .

[root@xifenfei ~]# crsctl query css votedisk
##  STATE    File Universal Id                File Name Disk group
--  -----    -----------------                --------- ---------
1. ONLINE   161ddea0a5fe4f28bfb67536e6105122 (/dev/sdb) [DATA]
Located 1 voting disk(s).

修改asm spfile位置

[grid@xifenfei ~]$  gpnptool get -o-

Success.
…………
<orcl:ASM-Profile id="asm" DiscoveryString="/dev/sd*" SPFile="+DG_SYS/xff-cluster/ASMPARAMETERFILE/registry.253.825640465" Mode="legacy"/>
…………

[grid@xifenfei ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm

SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.1.0 Production on Mon Sep 9 22:42:05 2013

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options

SQL> create pfile='/tmp/pfile.asm' from spfile;

File created.

SQL> create spfile='+DATA' FROM PFILE='/tmp/pfile.asm';

File created.

[grid@xifenfei ~]$  gpnptool get -o-

Success.
…………
<orcl:ASM-Profile id="asm" DiscoveryString="/dev/sd*" SPFile="+DATA/xff-cluster/ASMPARAMETERFILE/registry.253.825720159" Mode="legacy"/>
…………

这里证明create asm spfile会自动修改spfile在gpnptool对应的profile里面的配置,无需人工干预

重启crs
为了使得asm使用新的磁盘组中的spfile文件

[root@xifenfei ~]# crsctl stop crs
[root@xifenfei ~]# crsctl start crs

验证+DG_SYS磁盘组未被使用

[grid@xifenfei ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm

SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.1.0 Production on Mon Sep 9 22:59:49 2013

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options

SQL> show parameter spfile;

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
spfile                               string      +DATA/xff-cluster/ASMPARAMETER
                                                 FILE/registry.253.825720159

ASMCMD> lsof
DB_Name  Instance_Name  Path                                                                      
+ASM     +ASM1          +DATA.255.819326577                                                       
cdb      cdb1           +DATA/CDB/CONTROLFILE/current.274.819356503                               
cdb      cdb1           +DATA/CDB/DATAFILE/sysaux.278.819355829                                   
cdb      cdb1           +DATA/CDB/DATAFILE/system.269.819356101                                   
cdb      cdb1           +DATA/CDB/DATAFILE/undotbs1.276.819356317                                 
cdb      cdb1           +DATA/CDB/DATAFILE/users.279.819356309                                    
cdb      cdb1           +DATA/CDB/DD7C48AA5A4404A2E04325AAE80A403C/DATAFILE/pdbseed_temp01.dbf    
cdb      cdb1           +DATA/CDB/DD7C48AA5A4404A2E04325AAE80A403C/DATAFILE/sysaux.272.819356709  
cdb      cdb1           +DATA/CDB/DD7C48AA5A4404A2E04325AAE80A403C/DATAFILE/system.271.819356709  
cdb      cdb1           +DATA/CDB/ONLINELOG/group_1.277.822736453                                 
cdb      cdb1           +DATA/CDB/ONLINELOG/group_2.280.822736461                                 
cdb      cdb1           +DATA/CDB/ONLINELOG/group_3.275.822736397                                 
cdb      cdb1           +DATA/CDB/TEMPFILE/temp.273.819356649  

dismount +DG_SYS磁盘组

                                   
ASMCMD> lsdg
State    Type    Rebal  Sector  Block       AU  Total_MB  Free_MB  Req_mir_free_MB  Usable_file_MB  Offline_disks  Voting_files  Name
MOUNTED  EXTERN  N         512   4096  1048576     20480     3369                0            3369              0             Y  DATA/
MOUNTED  EXTERN  N         512   4096  1048576      5451     5231                0            5231              0             N  DG_SYS/
ASMCMD> umount dg_sys
ASMCMD> lsdg
State    Type    Rebal  Sector  Block       AU  Total_MB  Free_MB  Req_mir_free_MB  Usable_file_MB  Offline_disks  Voting_files  Name
MOUNTED  EXTERN  N         512   4096  1048576     20480     3369                0            3369              0             Y  DATA/ 

修改asm dg名称
修改磁盘组+DG_SYS为+SYS_DG

[grid@xifenfei ~]$ renamedg phase=both dgname=DG_SYS newdgname=SYS_DG verbose=true

Parsing parameters..

Parameters in effect:

         Old DG name       : DG_SYS 
         New DG name          : SYS_DG 
         Phases               :
                 Phase 1
                 Phase 2
         Discovery str        : (null) 
         Clean              : TRUE
         Raw only           : TRUE
renamedg operation: phase=both dgname=DG_SYS newdgname=SYS_DG verbose=true
Executing phase 1
Discovering the group
Performing discovery with string:
Identified disk UFS:/dev/sdc2 with disk number:0 and timestamp (32990496 1727895552)
Checking for hearbeat...
Re-discovering the group
Performing discovery with string:
Identified disk UFS:/dev/sdc2 with disk number:0 and timestamp (32990496 1727895552)
Checking if the diskgroup is mounted or used by CSS 
Checking disk number:0
Generating configuration file..
Completed phase 1
Executing phase 2
Looking for /dev/sdc2
Modifying the header
Completed phase 2
Terminating kgfd context 0x7fceeb02a0a0

mount +SYS_DG

SQL> select name,state from v$asm_diskgroup;

NAME                           STATE
------------------------------ -----------
DATA                           MOUNTED
SYS_DG                         DISMOUNTED

SQL> alter diskgroup sys_dg mount;

Diskgroup altered.

SQL>  select name,state from v$asm_diskgroup;

NAME                           STATE
------------------------------ -----------
DATA                           MOUNTED
SYS_DG                         MOUNTED

asm spfile/ocr/votedisk迁移从+DATA到+SYS_DG

SQL> create spfile='+SYS_DG' FROM pfile='/tmp/pfile.asm';

File created.

[root@xifenfei ~]# ocrconfig -add +SYS_DG
[root@xifenfei ~]# ocrconfig -DELETE +DATA
[root@xifenfei ~]# crsctl replace votedisk +SYS_DG
Successful addition of voting disk 9694a31053ea4ff4bfb57891461a1296.
Successful deletion of voting disk 161ddea0a5fe4f28bfb67536e6105122.
Successfully replaced voting disk group with +SYS_DG.
CRS-4266: Voting file(s) successfully replaced
[root@xifenfei ~]# crsctl stop crs
[root@xifenfei ~]# crsctl start crs

删除ocr里面老磁盘组(+DG_SYS)信息

[root@xifenfei ~]# crsctl status res -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Name           Target  State        Server                   State details       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.DATA.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.DG_SYS.dg
               ONLINE  OFFLINE      xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.SYS_DG.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.net1.network
               ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.ons
               ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.proxy_advm
               ONLINE  OFFLINE      xifenfei                 STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.MGMTLSNR
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 169.254.196.108 10.1
                                                             0.30.22,STABLE
ora.asm
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 Started,STABLE
      2        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
      3        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.cdb.db
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 Open,STABLE
ora.cvu
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.oc4j
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.scan1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.xifenfei.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[root@xifenfei ~]# srvctl remove diskgroup -diskgroup dg_sys
[root@xifenfei ~]# crsctl status res -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Name           Target  State        Server                   State details       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.DATA.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.SYS_DG.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.net1.network
               ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.ons
               ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.proxy_advm
               ONLINE  OFFLINE      xifenfei                 STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.MGMTLSNR
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 169.254.196.108 10.1
                                                             0.30.22,STABLE
ora.asm
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 Started,STABLE
      2        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
      3        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.cdb.db
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 Open,STABLE
ora.cvu
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.oc4j
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.scan1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
ora.xifenfei.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       xifenfei                 STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

至此ocr/votedisk/asm spfile所在磁盘组修改名称完成,因为该库是一个单节点的rac,如果是两个或者更多节点的rac可以实现不停机的情况下进行(分步重启节点).该处理过程和11.2 rac完全相同,未有任何的改变