无法启动此程序,因为计算机中丢失api-ms-win-crt-runtime-l1-1-0.dll

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标题:无法启动此程序,因为计算机中丢失api-ms-win-crt-runtime-l1-1-0.dll

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

在新安装的win操作操作系统中安装oracle 19.3版本数据库,结果不幸遭遇到如下错误
api-mi-win-crt-runtime1-1-0


查询oracle 19c对于win操作系统认证列表
19c-win-certification

本机操作系统为win 2012,在此认证列表中
2012
通过上述认证查询以及是新安装的原版系统,很可能是由于19c安装特殊之处导致,通过查询mos,确认是由于19c的数据库在安装之时perl需要VS 2017的运行库进行一些操作的依赖,因此安装Microsoft Visual C++ Redistributable for Visual Studio 2017或者更高版本即可.下载link:https://aka.ms/vs/16/release/vc_redist.x64.exe
具体参考MOS:Oracle DB 19C Install fails with the error – “THE PROCEDURE ENTRY POINT _REGISTER_ONEXIT_FUNCTION COULD NOT BE LOCATED IN THE DYNAMIC LINK LIBRARY \PERL\BIN\PERL.EXE” (Doc ID 2658357.1)

Oracle 19c故障恢复

联系:手机/微信(+86 13429648788) QQ(107644445)QQ咨询惜分飞

标题:Oracle 19c故障恢复

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

有客户找到我们,他们的oracle 19c数据库由于异常断电,导致启动异常,经过一系列恢复之后,依旧无法解决问题,请求我们给予支持.通过我们的Oracle数据库异常恢复检查脚本(Oracle Database Recovery Check),获取数据库当前信息如下:
数据库版本为19C并且安装了19.5.0.0.191015 (30125133)补丁
20200310220453
20200310220748


数据库使用pdb
20200310220610

数据库启动成功后,一会就crash掉

2020-03-10T01:44:41.018032+08:00
Pluggable database RACBAK opened read write
2020-03-10T01:44:41.018996+08:00
Pluggable database RAC opened read write
2020-03-10T01:44:51.244050+08:00
Completed: ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE ALL OPEN
Starting background process CJQ0
Completed: ALTER DATABASE OPEN
2020-03-10T01:44:51.317085+08:00
CJQ0 started with pid=224, OS id=32581 
2020-03-10T01:44:56.067043+08:00
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/XFF/XFF/trace/XFF_j001_32588.trc  (incident=1095281) (PDBNAME=RAC):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4193], [27733], [27754], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
RAC(4):Incident details in: /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/XFF/XFF/incident/incdir_1095281/XFF_j001_32588_i1095281.trc
RAC(4):Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
2020-03-10T01:44:56.073112+08:00
RAC(4):*****************************************************************
RAC(4):An internal routine has requested a dump of selected redo.
RAC(4):This usually happens following a specific internal error, when
RAC(4):analysis of the redo logs will help Oracle Support with the
RAC(4):diagnosis.
RAC(4):It is recommended that you retain all the redo logs generated (by
RAC(4):all the instances) during the past 12 hours, in case additional
RAC(4):redo dumps are required to help with the diagnosis.
RAC(4):*****************************************************************
2020-03-10T01:44:56.079228+08:00
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/XFF/XFF/trace/XFF_j002_32590.trc  (incident=1095289) (PDBNAME=RAC):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4193], [2633], [2638], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
RAC(4):Incident details in: /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/XFF/XFF/incident/incdir_1095289/XFF_j002_32590_i1095289.trc
RAC(4):Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
2020-03-10T01:44:56.085068+08:00
RAC(4):*****************************************************************
RAC(4):An internal routine has requested a dump of selected redo.
RAC(4):This usually happens following a specific internal error, when
RAC(4):analysis of the redo logs will help Oracle Support with the
RAC(4):diagnosis.
RAC(4):It is recommended that you retain all the redo logs generated (by
RAC(4):all the instances) during the past 12 hours, in case additional
RAC(4):redo dumps are required to help with the diagnosis.
RAC(4):*****************************************************************
2020-03-10T01:44:56.115765+08:00
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/XFF/XFF/trace/XFF_j004_32594.trc  (incident=1095305) (PDBNAME=RAC):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4193], [63532], [63537], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
RAC(4):Incident details in: /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/XFF/XFF/incident/incdir_1095305/XFF_j004_32594_i1095305.trc
RAC(4):Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
2020-03-10T01:46:48.202213+08:00
RAC(4):Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 2 Seq 2 Reading mem 0
RAC(4):  Mem# 0: /opt/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo02.log
RAC(4):Block recovery completed at rba 0.0.0, scn 0x0000000d3675e48e
RAC(4):DDE: Problem Key 'ORA 600 [4193]' was completely flood controlled (0x6)
Further messages for this problem key will be suppressed for up to 10 minutes
2020-03-10T01:46:48.384040+08:00
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/XFF/XFF/trace/XFF_clmn_31741.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4193], [27733], [27754], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/XFF/XFF/trace/XFF_clmn_31741.trc  (incident=1093505) (PDBNAME=CDB$ROOT):
ORA-501 [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] []
Incident details in: /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/XFF/XFF/incident/incdir_1093505/XFF_clmn_31741_i1093505.trc
2020-03-10T01:46:49.264624+08:00
USER (ospid: 31741): terminating the instance due to ORA error 501
2020-03-10T01:46:49.280664+08:00
System state dump requested by (instance=1, osid=31741 (CLMN)), summary=[abnormal instance termination].
System State dumped to trace file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/XFF/XFF/trace/XFF_diag_31759.trc
2020-03-10T01:46:53.156926+08:00
ORA-00501: CLMN process terminated with error
2020-03-10T01:46:53.157103+08:00
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/XFF/XFF/trace/XFF_diag_31759.trc:
ORA-00501: CLMN process terminated with error
2020-03-10T01:46:53.157211+08:00
Dumping diagnostic data in directory=[cdmp_20200310014649], requested by (instance=1, osid=31741 (CLMN)), 
summary=[abnormal instance termination].

通过报错信息判断,数据库open之后(特别是pdb 4 open之后),开始报ORA-600 4193错误.然后由于CLMN进程异常,最后数据库crash.对于这类故障,因为使用的pdb,而且是由于pdb的undo异常导致数据库启动之后crash,可以通过对于pdb进行特殊处理,从而实现数据库启动之后不再crash.

ORA-00700: soft internal error, arguments: [pga physmem limit]

联系:手机/微信(+86 13429648788) QQ(107644445)QQ咨询惜分飞

标题:ORA-00700: soft internal error, arguments: [pga physmem limit]

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

19c数据库启动有ORA-00700警告

2019-12-31T20:29:10.905779+08:00                                                                                                                  
PGA_AGGREGATE_TARGET specified is high                                                                                                            
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_ora_25403.trc  (incident=122887):                                                  
ORA-00700: soft internal error, arguments: [pga physmem limit], [3332374528], [2112652492], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []                    
Incident details in: /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incident/incdir_122887/orcl_ora_25403_i122887.trc  

分析trace文件

WARNING: PGA_AGGREGATE_TARGET (3178 MB) is too high for                                                                                           
         the amount of physical memory (31783 MB) and                                                                                             
         SGA size (24576 MB) - it should be less than 2014 MB.  

提示PGA_AGGREGATE_TARGET 设置过大.官方对于此问题有说明,分配给数据库的内存(sga+pga)小于80%即可
20200101023312


fuser命令缺失导致19c打补丁失败

联系:手机/微信(+86 13429648788) QQ(107644445)QQ咨询惜分飞

标题:fuser命令缺失导致19c打补丁失败

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

Oracle 19.3数据库打最新补丁报错

[oracle@www.xifenfei.com 30125133]$ opatch apply ./
Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 12.2.0.1.18
Copyright (c) 2019, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.


Oracle Home       : /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1
Central Inventory : /u01/app/oraInventory
   from           : /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/oraInst.loc
OPatch version    : 12.2.0.1.18
OUI version       : 12.2.0.7.0
Log file location : /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2019-12-16_08-00-53AM_1.log

分析日志

Verifying environment and performing prerequisite checks...
Prerequisite check "CheckSystemCommandAvailable" failed.
The details are:
Missing command :fuser
UtilSession failed: 
Prerequisite check "CheckSystemCommandAvailable" failed.
Log file location: /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2019-12-16_08-00-53AM_1.log

OPatch failed with error code 73


[Dec 16, 2019 8:00:57 AM] [INFO]    Following patches can be applied:  30125133
[Dec 16, 2019 8:00:57 AM] [INFO]    Following patches are not required:
[Dec 16, 2019 8:00:57 AM] [INFO]    Following patches are auto rollbackable:
[Dec 16, 2019 8:00:57 AM] [INFO]    Finished checking prereq checkConflictAgainstOHWithDetail
[Dec 16, 2019 8:00:58 AM] [INFO]    Running prerequisite checks...
[Dec 16, 2019 8:00:58 AM] [INFO]    Space Needed : 3052.647MB
[Dec 16, 2019 8:00:58 AM] [INFO]    Missing command :fuser
[Dec 16, 2019 8:00:58 AM] [INFO]    Prerequisite check "CheckSystemCommandAvailable" failed.
                                    The details are:
                                    Missing command :fuser
[Dec 16, 2019 8:00:58 AM] [SEVERE]  OUI-67073:UtilSession failed:
                                    Prerequisite check "CheckSystemCommandAvailable" failed.

基本上可以确定是由于无fuser命令导致CheckSystemCommandAvailable失败.处理办法为安装上相关程序

[root@www.xifenfei.com tmp]# yum search fuser
Loaded plugins: product-id, search-disabled-repos, subscription-manager
This system is not registered with an entitlement server. You can use subscription-manager to register.
==================================== Matched: fuser ===========================
psmisc.x86_64 : Utilities for managing processes on your system
[root@www.xifenfei.com tmp]# 


[root@www.xifenfei.com tmp]# mount /dev/cdrom /media/ -o loop
[root@www.xifenfei.com tmp]# yum install -y psmisc
Loaded plugins: product-id, search-disabled-repos, subscription-manager
This system is not registered with an entitlement server. You can use subscription-manager to register.
rhel-yum                       | 4.3 kB  00:00:00     
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package psmisc.x86_64 0:22.20-15.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

=============================================================================================
 Package                    Arch              Version                    Repository     Size
=============================================================================================
Installing:
 psmisc                     x86_64            22.20-15.el7               rhel-yum      141 k

Transaction Summary
=============================================================================================
Install  1 Package

Total download size: 141 k
Installed size: 475 k
Downloading packages:
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Installing : psmisc-22.20-15.el7.x86_64          1/1 
  Verifying  : psmisc-22.20-15.el7.x86_64          1/1 

Installed:
  psmisc.x86_64 0:22.20-15.el7     

Complete!

重新打补丁

[oracle@www.xifenfei.com 30125133]$ opatch apply ./
Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 12.2.0.1.18
Copyright (c) 2019, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.


Oracle Home       : /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1
Central Inventory : /u01/app/oraInventory
   from           : /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/oraInst.loc
OPatch version    : 12.2.0.1.18
OUI version       : 12.2.0.7.0
Log file location : /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2019-12-16_08-08-44AM_1.log

Verifying environment and performing prerequisite checks...
OPatch continues with these patches:   30125133  

Do you want to proceed? [y|n]
y
User Responded with: Y
All checks passed.

Please shutdown Oracle instances running out of this ORACLE_HOME on the local system.
(Oracle Home = '/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1')


Is the local system ready for patching? [y|n]
y
User Responded with: Y
Backing up files...
Applying interim patch '30125133' to OH '/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1'
ApplySession: Optional component(s) [ oracle.network.gsm, 19.0.0.0.0 ],[ oracle.rdbms.ic, 19.0.0.0.0 ],
[ oracle.network.cman, 19.0.0.0.0 ],[ oracle.net.cman, 19.0.0.0.0 ],[ oracle.options.olap.awm, 19.0.0.0.0],
[ oracle.oraolap.mgmt, 19.0.0.0.0 ],[ oracle.assistants.usm, 19.0.0.0.0 ],[ oracle.assistants.asm, 19.0.0.0.0],
[ oracle.tfa, 19.0.0.0.0 ]  not present in the Oracle Home or a higher version is found.

Patching component oracle.rdbms, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.rdbms.rsf, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.assistants.acf, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.assistants.deconfig, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.assistants.server, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.buildtools.rsf, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.ctx, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.ldap.rsf, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.network.rsf, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.rdbms.dbscripts, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.sdo, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.sqlplus, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.ldap.rsf.ic, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.rdbms.rman, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.ctx.atg, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.rdbms.oci, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.rdbms.util, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.xdk, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.ovm, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.network.listener, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.rdbms.install.plugins, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.dbjava.jdbc, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.dbdev, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.rdbms.deconfig, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.nlsrtl.rsf, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.oraolap.dbscripts, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.install.deinstalltool, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.dbjava.ic, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.sdo.locator, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.rdbms.scheduler, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.rdbms.dv, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.ons, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.ldap.security.osdt, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.ctx.rsf, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.duma, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.ldap.owm, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.oracore.rsf, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.rdbms.install.seeddb, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.odbc, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.sdo.locator.jrf, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.network.client, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.sqlplus.ic, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.dbjava.ucp, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.xdk.rsf, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.marvel, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.xdk.parser.java, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.rdbms.rsf.ic, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.nlsrtl.rsf.core, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.precomp.common, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.precomp.lang, 19.0.0.0.0...
Patch 30125133 successfully applied.
Sub-set patch [29517242] has become inactive due to the application of a super-set patch [30125133].
Please refer to Doc ID 2161861.1 for any possible further required actions.
Log file location: /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2019-12-16_08-08-44AM_1.log

OPatch succeeded.


[oracle@www.xifenfei.com 30128191]$ opatch apply ./
Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 12.2.0.1.18
Copyright (c) 2019, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.


Oracle Home       : /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1
Central Inventory : /u01/app/oraInventory
   from           : /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/oraInst.loc
OPatch version    : 12.2.0.1.18
OUI version       : 12.2.0.7.0
Log file location : /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2019-12-16_08-12-44AM_1.log

Verifying environment and performing prerequisite checks...
OPatch continues with these patches:   30128191  

Do you want to proceed? [y|n]
y
User Responded with: Y
All checks passed.

Please shutdown Oracle instances running out of this ORACLE_HOME on the local system.
(Oracle Home = '/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1')


Is the local system ready for patching? [y|n]
y
User Responded with: Y
Backing up files...
Applying interim patch '30128191' to OH '/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1'

Patching component oracle.javavm.server, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.javavm.server.core, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.rdbms.dbscripts, 19.0.0.0.0...

Patching component oracle.rdbms, 19.0.0.0.0...
Patch 30128191 successfully applied.
Log file location: /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2019-12-16_08-12-44AM_1.log

OPatch succeeded.

确认补丁安装成功

[oracle@www.xifenfei.com 30128191]$ opatch lspatches
30128191;OJVM RELEASE UPDATE: 19.5.0.0.191015 (30128191)
30125133;Database Release Update : 19.5.0.0.191015 (30125133)
29585399;OCW RELEASE UPDATE 19.3.0.0.0 (29585399)

OPatch succeeded.

mos上也有类似文章可参考:Prerequisite check “CheckSystemCommandAvailable” failed (Doc ID 1581604.1)

linux6 安装Oracle 19c主要报错记录

联系:手机/微信(+86 13429648788) QQ(107644445)QQ咨询惜分飞

标题:linux6 安装Oracle 19c主要报错记录

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

在某些极端情况下,需要在linux 6上面安装Oracle 19C(没有通过官方认证),这里进行了一些测试,安装实施成功,主要问题记录如下:
系统信息

[root@ora11g ~]# more /etc/issue
Oracle Linux Server release 6.9
Kernel \r on an \m

[root@ora11g ~]# uname -r  
4.1.12-61.1.28.el6uek.x86_64

[FATAL] [INS-30060] Check for group existence failed
2


通过./runInstaller -ignoreInternalDriverError解决
参考:Oracle 18c on RHEL 6.10 fail with “[FATAL] [INS-30060] Check for group existence failed.” (Doc ID 2464358.1)

安装完成之后,sqlplus启动报错

[oracle@ora11g ~]$ sqlplus -v
sqlplus: /lib64/libc.so.6: version `GLIBC_2.14' not found (required by /u02/app/oracle/product/19.2/db_1/lib/libclntsh.so.19.1)
sqlplus: /lib64/libc.so.6: version `GLIBC_2.14' not found (required by /u02/app/oracle/product/19.2/db_1/lib/libclntshcore.so.19.1)
sqlplus: /lib64/libc.so.6: version `GLIBC_2.14' not found (required by /u02/app/oracle/product/19.2/db_1/lib/libnnz19.so)

主要是由于19C要求glibc-2.14,但是该系统版本情况如下

[root@ora11g ~]# strings /lib64/libc.so.6 |grep GLIBC
GLIBC_2.2.5
GLIBC_2.2.6
GLIBC_2.3
GLIBC_2.3.2
GLIBC_2.3.3
GLIBC_2.3.4
GLIBC_2.4
GLIBC_2.5
GLIBC_2.6
GLIBC_2.7
GLIBC_2.8
GLIBC_2.9
GLIBC_2.10
GLIBC_2.11
GLIBC_2.12
GLIBC_PRIVATE

安装glibc-2.14

[root@ora11g ~]# wget http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/glibc/glibc-2.14.tar.gz
[root@ora11g ~]# mv glibc-2.14.tar.gz /opt/software
[root@ora11g ~]# cd /opt/software
[root@ora11g software]# tar xf glibc-2.14.tar.gz
[root@ora11g software]# cd glibc-2.14
[root@ora11g glibc-2.14]# mkdir build
[root@ora11g glibc-2.14]# cd build
[root@ora11g build]# ../configure --prefix=/usr/local/glibc-2.14
[root@ora11g build]# make -j4
[root@ora11g build]# make install
[root@ora11g build]# cd /usr/local/glibc-2.14/lib
[root@ora11g lib]# cp libc-2.14.so /lib64/
[root@ora11g lib]# cd /lib64
[root@example lib64]# /sbin/sln libc-2.14.so /lib64/libc.so.6
[root@ora11g lib64]# strings /lib64/libc.so.6 |grep GLIBC
GLIBC_2.2.5
GLIBC_2.2.6
GLIBC_2.3
GLIBC_2.3.2
GLIBC_2.3.3
GLIBC_2.3.4
GLIBC_2.4
GLIBC_2.5
GLIBC_2.6
GLIBC_2.7
GLIBC_2.8
GLIBC_2.9
GLIBC_2.10
GLIBC_2.11
GLIBC_2.12
GLIBC_2.13
GLIBC_2.14
GLIBC_PRIVATE

sqlplus工作做正常

[oracle@ora11g ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production on Sun Oct 6 15:53:10 2019
Version 19.2.0.0.0

Copyright (c) 1982, 2018, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> exit

dbca DBT-50000 DBT-50001报错处理
3


通过dbca -J-Doracle.assistants.dbca.validate.ConfigurationParams=false 解决