数据库open过程遭遇ORA-1555对应sql语句补充

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标题:数据库open过程遭遇ORA-1555对应sql语句补充

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

在2015年的在数据库open过程中常遇到ORA-01555汇总文章中写过oracle open过程中可能会遇到ORA-01555错误,对应的sql语句.最近的恢复中又遇到两个新的,对其进行补充
select rowcnt,blkcnt,empcnt,avgspc,chncnt,avgrln,nvl(degree,1), nvl(instances,1) from tab$ where obj# = :1

Thu May 09 02:10:27 2019
SMON: enabling cache recovery
ORA-01555 caused by SQL statement below (SQL ID: bqbdby3c400p7, SCN: 0x0000.3e785fc7):
select rowcnt,blkcnt,empcnt,avgspc,chncnt,avgrln,nvl(degree,1), nvl(instances,1) from tab$ where obj# = :1
Errors in file /home/u01/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_ora_15929.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 91 with name "_SYSSMU91_1360910548$" too small
Errors in file /home/u01/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_ora_15929.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 91 with name "_SYSSMU91_1360910548$" too small
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 15929): terminating the instance due to error 704
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 15929
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open resetlogs...
opiodr aborting process unknown ospid (15929) as a result of ORA-1092
Thu May 09 02:10:28 2019
ORA-1092 : opitsk aborting process

select obj#,type#,ctime,mtime,stime, status, dataobj#, flags, oid$, spare1, spare2 from obj$ where owner#=:1 and name=:2 and namespace=:3 and remoteowner is null and linkname is null and subname is null

NSA2 started with pid=41, OS id=32571518 
ORA-01555 caused by SQL statement below (SQL ID: 3nkd3g3ju5ph1, Query Duration=0 sec, SCN: 0x0005.e4bea784):
select obj#,type#,ctime,mtime,stime, status, dataobj#, flags, oid$, spare1, spare2 from 
    obj$ where owner#=:1 and name=:2 and namespace=:3 and remoteowner is null and linkname is null and subname is null
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei_std/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_ora_18939904.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 2
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 7 with name "_SYSSMU7_542380376$" too small
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei_std/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_ora_18939904.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 2
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 7 with name "_SYSSMU7_542380376$" too small
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 18939904): terminating the instance due to error 704
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 18939904
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open RESETLOGS...
opiodr aborting process unknown ospid (18939904) as a result of ORA-1092

ORA-00600 kcratr_scan_rc

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标题:ORA-00600 kcratr_scan_rc

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

11.2.0.4数据库启动报ORA-600 kcratr_scan_rc错误
kcratr_scan_rc


ORA-600 kcratr_scan_rc错误相关alert日志

Thu May 09 01:56:01 2019
alter database   open
Beginning crash recovery of 1 threads
 parallel recovery started with 23 processes
Started redo scan
Errors in file /home/u01/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_ora_9975.trc  (incident=171):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcratr_scan_rc], [4], [1], [39821], [190063], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /home/u01/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incident/incdir_171/orcl_ora_9975_i171.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Aborting crash recovery due to error 600
Errors in file /home/u01/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_ora_9975.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcratr_scan_rc], [4], [1], [39821], [190063], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file /home/u01/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_ora_9975.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcratr_scan_rc], [4], [1], [39821], [190063], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-600 signalled during: alter database   open...

从这里看是由于数据库在做实例恢复的时候无法正确的应用日志导致.通过屏蔽数据库前滚恢复,强制open库

SQL> startup mount pfile='/tmp/pfile'
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 6998261760 bytes
Fixed Size                  2266624 bytes
Variable Size            2684357120 bytes
Database Buffers         4294967296 bytes
Redo Buffers               16670720 bytes
Database mounted.
SQL> alter database open resetlogs;
alter database open resetlogs
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 91 with name
"_SYSSMU91_1360910548$" too small
Process ID: 15929
Session ID: 5272 Serial number: 3

数据库报出来比较熟悉的ORA-01092 ORA-00704 ORA-00604 ORA-01555错误,分析trace文件

Successful open of redo thread 1
MTTR advisory is disabled because FAST_START_MTTR_TARGET is not set
Thu May 09 02:10:27 2019
SMON: enabling cache recovery
ORA-01555 caused by SQL statement below (SQL ID: bqbdby3c400p7, SCN: 0x0000.3e785fc7):
select rowcnt,blkcnt,empcnt,avgspc,chncnt,avgrln,nvl(degree,1), nvl(instances,1) from tab$ where obj# = :1
Errors in file /home/u01/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_ora_15929.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 91 with name "_SYSSMU91_1360910548$" too small
Errors in file /home/u01/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_ora_15929.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 91 with name "_SYSSMU91_1360910548$" too small
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 15929): terminating the instance due to error 704
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 15929
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open resetlogs...
opiodr aborting process unknown ospid (15929) as a result of ORA-1092
Thu May 09 02:10:28 2019
ORA-1092 : opitsk aborting process

这次的是比较少见的ORA-1555的错误语句select rowcnt,blkcnt,empcnt,avgspc,chncnt,avgrln,nvl(degree,1), nvl(instances,1) from tab$ where obj# = :1,通过bbed进行处理之后

SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-03113: end-of-file on communication channel
Process ID: 17776
Session ID: 5272 Serial number: 3

数据库出现ORA-03113错误,通过分析alert日志

ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4198], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file /home/u01/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_smon_17739.trc  (incident=128132):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [6006], [1], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /home/u01/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incident/incdir_128132/orcl_smon_17739_i128132.trc
Errors in file /home/u01/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_mmon_17743.trc  (incident=128151):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4412], [0x1E6BC4DF8], [0x000000000], [1], [6283], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /home/u01/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incident/incdir_128151/orcl_mmon_17743_i128151.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
SMON: Parallel transaction recovery slave got internal error
SMON: Downgrading transaction recovery to serial
Errors in file /home/u01/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_smon_17739.trc  (incident=128133):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4137], [10.4.1100583], [0], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /home/u01/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incident/incdir_128133/orcl_smon_17739_i128133.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Errors in file /home/u01/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_mmon_17743.trc  (incident=128152):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4406], [0x1E6BC4DF8], [0x000000000], [2], [6289], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4412], [0x1E6BC4DF8], [0x000000000], [1], [6283], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /home/u01/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incident/incdir_128152/orcl_mmon_17743_i128152.trc
ORACLE Instance orcl (pid = 15) - Error 600 encountered while recovering transaction (10, 4).
Errors in file /home/u01/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_smon_17739.trc  (incident=128134):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4137], [98.33.13158], [0], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /home/u01/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incident/incdir_128134/orcl_smon_17739_i128134.trc
Starting background process SMCO
Thu May 09 02:16:25 2019
SMCO started with pid=21, OS id=18119 
Errors in file /home/u01/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_smon_17739.trc  (incident=128135):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kdsgrp1], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /home/u01/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incident/incdir_128135/orcl_smon_17739_i128135.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Non-fatal internal error happenned while SMON was doing non-existent object cleanup.
SMON encountered 1 out of maximum 100 non-fatal internal errors.
Thu May 09 02:16:27 2019
Thu May 09 02:16:32 2019
Errors in file /home/u01/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_ora_18168.trc  (incident=128620):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4194], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-28000: the account is locked
Incident details in: /home/u01/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incident/incdir_128620/orcl_ora_18168_i128620.trc
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4194], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-28000: the account is locked
Block recovery from logseq 3, block 239 to scn 2147483855
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 3 Seq 3 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: /home/u01/oradata/orcl/redo03.log
Block recovery stopped at EOT rba 3.241.16
Block recovery completed at rba 3.241.16, scn 0.2147483854
Block recovery from logseq 3, block 239 to scn 2147483853
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 3 Seq 3 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: /home/u01/oradata/orcl/redo03.log
Block recovery completed at rba 3.241.16, scn 0.2147483854
Thu May 09 02:16:33 2019
Errors in file /home/u01/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_ora_18170.trc  (incident=128621):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4193], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-28000: the account is locked
Incident details in: /home/u01/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incident/incdir_128621/orcl_ora_18170_i128621.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Thu May 09 02:16:34 2019
PMON (ospid: 17710): terminating the instance due to error 474
Instance terminated by PMON, pid = 17710

大量的ORA-600 4198,ORA-600 6006,ORA-600 4412,ORA-600 4137,ORA-600 4406,ORA-600 kdsgrp1等错误,根据以往经验,主要是undo异常导致,通过相关处理之后,数据库open正常,数据逻辑导出.