IMP-00098: INTERNAL ERROR: impgst2

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标题:IMP-00098: INTERNAL ERROR: impgst2

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

有网友找到我们,imp导入数据库报IMP-00098: INTERNAL ERROR: impgst2错误,原始环境已经彻底破坏,无法通过数据文件恢复
20191120122739


20191120122750

通过分析,该表有218列

3240997713: TABLE "SWIP_ENTITY_TRX"
3241009738: BIND information for 218 columns
 col[  1] type 1 max length 19 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[  2] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[  3] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[  4] type 1 max length 14 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[  5] type 2 max length 22
 col[  6] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[  7] type 1 max length 20 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[  8] type 1 max length 20 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[  9] type 1 max length 20 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 10] type 1 max length 20 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 11] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 12] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 13] type 1 max length 20 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 14] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 15] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 16] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 17] type 1 max length 200 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 18] type 1 max length 200 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 19] type 1 max length 20 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 20] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 21] type 1 max length 200 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 22] type 1 max length 200 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 23] type 1 max length 20 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 24] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 25] type 1 max length 14 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 26] type 1 max length 14 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 27] type 1 max length 14 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 28] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 29] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 30] type 12 max length 7
 col[ 31] type 12 max length 7
 col[ 32] type 12 max length 7
 col[ 33] type 12 max length 7
 col[ 34] type 12 max length 7
 col[ 35] type 12 max length 7
 col[ 36] type 12 max length 7
 col[ 37] type 12 max length 7
 col[ 38] type 12 max length 7
 col[ 39] type 12 max length 7
 col[ 40] type 12 max length 7
 col[ 41] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 42] type 12 max length 7
 col[ 43] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 44] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 45] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 46] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 47] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 48] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 49] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 50] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 51] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 52] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 53] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 54] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 55] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 56] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 57] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 58] type 1 max length 19 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 59] type 1 max length 19 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 60] type 1 max length 19 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 61] type 1 max length 19 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 62] type 1 max length 19 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 63] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 64] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 65] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 66] type 2 max length 22
 col[ 67] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 68] type 1 max length 2048 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 69] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 70] type 1 max length 10 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 71] type 1 max length 14 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 72] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 73] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 74] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 75] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 76] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 77] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 78] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 79] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 80] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 81] type 12 max length 7
 col[ 82] type 1 max length 20 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 83] type 1 max length 19 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 84] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 85] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 86] type 1 max length 200 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 87] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 88] type 1 max length 1 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 89] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 90] type 1 max length 1000 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 91] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 92] type 1 max length 100 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 93] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 94] type 12 max length 7
 col[ 95] type 1 max length 1000 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 96] type 1 max length 200 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 97] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 98] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[ 99] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[100] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[101] type 1 max length 20 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[102] type 96 max length 1 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[103] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[104] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[105] type 1 max length 80 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[106] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[107] type 12 max length 7
 col[108] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[109] type 96 max length 1 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[110] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[111] type 96 max length 1 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[112] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[113] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[114] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[115] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[116] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[117] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[118] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[119] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[120] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[121] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[122] type 96 max length 1 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[123] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[124] type 96 max length 1 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[125] type 2 max length 22
 col[126] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[127] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[128] type 12 max length 7
 col[129] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[130] type 1 max length 19 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[131] type 1 max length 19 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[132] type 1 max length 19 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[133] type 1 max length 19 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[134] type 1 max length 19 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[135] type 1 max length 19 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[136] type 1 max length 19 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[137] type 1 max length 19 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[138] type 1 max length 19 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[139] type 1 max length 19 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[140] type 1 max length 10 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[141] type 1 max length 19 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[142] type 1 max length 10 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[143] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[144] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[145] type 96 max length 1 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[146] type 1 max length 10 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[147] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[148] type 2 max length 22
 col[149] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[150] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[151] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[152] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[153] type 12 max length 7
 col[154] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[155] type 1 max length 19 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[156] type 1 max length 200 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[157] type 1 max length 200 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[158] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[159] type 1 max length 200 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[160] type 1 max length 1 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[161] type 96 max length 1 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[162] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[163] type 96 max length 1 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[164] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[165] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[166] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[167] type 1 max length 200 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[168] type 1 max length 200 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[169] type 1 max length 20 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[170] type 2 max length 22
 col[171] type 2 max length 22
 col[172] type 2 max length 22
 col[173] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[174] type 12 max length 7
 col[175] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[176] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[177] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[178] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[179] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[180] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[181] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[182] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[183] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[184] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[185] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[186] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[187] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[188] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[189] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[190] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[191] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[192] type 2 max length 22
 col[193] type 12 max length 7
 col[194] type 12 max length 7
 col[195] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[196] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[197] type 1 max length 1 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[198] type 12 max length 7
 col[199] type 2 max length 22
 col[200] type 96 max length 1 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[201] type 96 max length 1 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[202] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[203] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[204] type 1 max length 40 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[205] type 96 max length 1 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[206] type 1 max length 10 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[207] type 1 max length 10 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[208] type 12 max length 7
 col[209] type 1 max length 14 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[210] type 1 max length 14 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[211] type 1 max length 12 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[212] type 1 max length 24 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[213] type 96 max length 1 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[214] type 1 max length 100 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[215] type 2 max length 22
 col[216] type 1 max length 100 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[217] type 1 max length 100 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
 col[218] type 1 max length 100 cset 873 (AL32UTF8) form 1
Conventional export
3241011300: start of table data

由于某种原因导致该dmp异常了,而且客户的主要数据都在这个表里面,因此找我们进行恢复处理.通过工具扫描,确定dmp基本上是好的.进行二次处理,把该dmp中这个表重新恢复成dmp文件,然后导入数据库,完成恢复(包括解决某些工具有汉字乱码问题,和sqlldr换行导入问题等)
20191120145616


ORA-20011 KUP-11024

数据库alert日志出现ORA-20011 KUP-11024等错误

Thu Sep 22 18:00:31 2016
DBMS_STATS: GATHER_STATS_JOB encountered errors.  Check the trace file.
Errors in file /u1/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_j002_2686.trc:
ORA-20011: Approximate NDV failed: ORA-29913: error in executing ODCIEXTTABLEOPEN callout
KUP-11024: This external table can only be accessed from within a Data Pump job.

从报错的信息看应该是数据库收集统计信息报错(GATHER_STATS_JOB),但是报错原因是由于访问外部表导致,而该外部表很可能和data pump有关系.

查看trace日志

[oracle@xifenfei]$ more /u1/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_j002_2686.trc
Trace file /u1/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_j002_2686.trc
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
ORACLE_HOME = /u1/oracle/pruduct/11.2.0.3
System name:    Linux
Node name:      xifenfei
Release:        2.6.32-220.el6.x86_64
Version:        #1 SMP Wed Nov 9 08:03:13 EST 2011
Machine:        x86_64
Instance name: xifenfei
Redo thread mounted by this instance: 1
Oracle process number: 356
Unix process pid: 2686, image: oracle@xifenfei (J002)


*** 2016-09-22 18:00:31.939
*** SESSION ID:(835.16363) 2016-09-22 18:00:31.939
*** CLIENT ID:() 2016-09-22 18:00:31.939
*** SERVICE NAME:(SYS$USERS) 2016-09-22 18:00:31.939
*** MODULE NAME:(DBMS_SCHEDULER) 2016-09-22 18:00:31.939
*** ACTION NAME:(ORA$AT_OS_OPT_SY_10669) 2016-09-22 18:00:31.939
 
ORA-20011: Approximate NDV failed: ORA-29913: error in executing ODCIEXTTABLEOPEN callout
KUP-11024: This external table can only be accessed from within a Data Pump job.

*** 2016-09-22 18:00:31.939
DBMS_STATS: GATHER_STATS_JOB: GATHER_TABLE_STATS('"DWDBA"','"ET$012D00070001"','""', ...)
DBMS_STATS: ORA-20011: Approximate NDV failed: ORA-29913: error in executing ODCIEXTTABLEOPEN callout
KUP-11024: This external table can only be accessed from within a Data Pump job.

*** 2016-09-22 18:00:31.960
DBMS_STATS: GATHER_STATS_JOB: GATHER_TABLE_STATS('"DWDBA"','"ET$01D10D4F0001"','""', ...)
DBMS_STATS: ORA-20011: Approximate NDV failed: ORA-29913: error in executing ODCIEXTTABLEOPEN callout
KUP-11024: This external table can only be accessed from within a Data Pump job.

通过trace文件,我们已经可以明确是由于数据库对DWDBA.ET$012D00070001和DWDBA.ET$01D10D4F0001这两个表收集统计信息时候报的上述alert日志中看到的错误.

查询数据库记录

SYS@xifenfei>select OWNER,OBJECT_NAME,OBJECT_TYPE, status,
  2  to_char(CREATED,'dd-mon-yyyy hh24:mi:ss') created
  3  ,to_char(LAST_DDL_TIME , 'dd-mon-yyyy hh24:mi:ss') last_ddl_time
  4  from dba_objects
  5  where object_name like 'ET$%'
  6  /

OWNER     OBJECT_NAME      OBJECT_TYPE  STATUS  CREATED               LAST_DDL_TIME
--------- ---------------- ------------ ------- ------------------------- ----------------
DWDBA     ET$012D00070001  TABLE        VALID   10-mar-2016 16:32:25  10-mar-2016 16:32:25
DWDBA     ET$01D10D4F0001  TABLE        VALID   10-mar-2016 17:29:29  10-mar-2016 17:29:29

SYS@xifenfei> select owner, TABLE_NAME, DEFAULT_DIRECTORY_NAME, ACCESS_TYPE
  2  from dba_external_tables
  3  order by 1,2
  4  /

OWNER       TABLE_NAME                     DEFAULT_DIRECTORY_NAME         ACCESS_
----------- ------------------------------ ------------------------------ -------
DWDBA       ET$012D00070001                EXP_FILE_DIR                   CLOB
DWDBA       ET$01D10D4F0001                EXP_FILE_DIR                   CLOB

到这一步,我们已经完全清楚,ET$012D00070001和ET$01D10D4F0001是两个外部表,由于他们的存在使得收集统计信息异常。

分析ET$012D00070001表

SYS@xifenfei>desc DWDBA.ET$012D00070001
 Name                                                  Null?    Type
 ----------------------------------------------------- -------- ------------------------------------
 STORE_NO                                                       NUMBER(3)
 ITEM_NO                                                        NUMBER(6)
 WORK_DATE                                                      DATE
 DIVISION_NO                                                    NUMBER(2)
 SECTION_NO                                                     NUMBER(3)
 SUP_NO                                                         NUMBER(6)
 GRP_NO                                                         NUMBER(3)
 SUBGRP_NO                                                      NUMBER(3)
 USR                                                            VARCHAR2(30)
 TYPE                                                           NUMBER(1)
 ACTIVE_SELL_PRICE                                              NUMBER(8,2)
 SELL_PRICE                                                     NUMBER(8,2)
 SELL_VAT                                                       NUMBER(1)
 BUY_PRICE                                                      NUMBER(10,4)
 BUY_VAT                                                        NUMBER(1)
 PROMOTION_NO                                                   NUMBER(10)
 PROM_CLASS                                                     VARCHAR2(1)
 PROM_LEVEL                                                     NUMBER(1)
 STOCK                                                          NUMBER(10,3)
 STOCK_ADJ                                                      NUMBER(10,3)
 RECPT                                                          NUMBER(10,3)
 SALES                                                          NUMBER(10,3)
 STOCK_ADJ_AMNT                                                 NUMBER(10,2)
 RECPT_AMNT                                                     NUMBER(10,2)
 SALES_AMNT                                                     NUMBER(10,2)
 PROF_AMNT                                                      NUMBER(10,2)
 COST_CHANGE                                                    NUMBER(10,2)
 DISC                                                           NUMBER(10,3)
 RTN_QTY                                                        NUMBER(9,3)
 DISC_AMNT                                                      NUMBER(10,2)
 RTN_AMNT                                                       NUMBER(10,2)
 LOSS_AMNT                                                      NUMBER(10,2)
 CREATED_DATE                                                   DATE
 COST                                                           NUMBER(10,4)
 NBR_PK                                                         NUMBER(5)
 NBR_VISIT                                                      NUMBER(5)
 NBR_PK_LINE                                                    NUMBER(5)
 N_N_PROF_AMNT                                                  NUMBER(9,2)
 CON_FORE                                                       NUMBER(10,2)
 CON_FORE_OTH                                                   NUMBER(10,2)
 SALES_B                                                        NUMBER(10,3)
 SALES_AMNT_B                                                   NUMBER(10,2)

SYS@xifenfei>select count(*) from DWDBA.ET$012D00070001;
select count(*) from DWDBA.ET$012D00070001
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-29913: error in executing ODCIEXTTABLEOPEN callout
KUP-11024: This external table can only be accessed from within a Data Pump job.

通过对ET$012D00070001表查询重新了alert日志一样的错误,可以明确定位问题就是由于该外部表异常导致.通过查询mos,确定Bug 10327346 DBMS_WORKLOAD_CAPTURE does not drop external tables (causing ORA-20011 from DBMS_STATS)可能导致DBMS_WORKLOAD_CAPTURE无法正常清理掉Data pump的外部表导致出现Datapump出现孤立的外部表对象,从而出现该问题.解决方案就是直接drop 相关外部表.也就是这里的(ET$012D00070001和ET$01D10D4F0001)

解决imp导入数据报IMP-00098错误

晚上十点多,准备睡觉了,一个朋友在qq上找到我,说他们数据库imp异常,希望我帮忙看看
大概情况
使用exp/imp升级并迁移数据库从win 10.2.0.1 升级到linux 11.2.0.3 由于硬盘空间不够,使用exp把win上面数据导出来,格式化掉win的数据文件所在硬盘格式化并加入到linux系统中(也就是说,故障之时,只有dmp文件,没有了数据文件),因为原库没有了,dmp又报错,所以担心了起来.
imp报错信息

Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,
Data Mining and Real Application Tes

Export file created by EXPORT:V10.02.01 via conventional path
import done in ZHS16GBK character set and AL16UTF16 NCHAR character set
export client uses US7ASCII character set (possible charset conversion)
. . importing table                "ART_T_ARCTYPE"          0 rows imported
. . importing table                "ART_T_ARTICLE"          0 rows imported
……
. . importing table            "EVT_T_ACCEPT_CODE"          1 rows imported
. . importing table            "EVT_T_ACCEPT_FLOW"
 illegal lob length marker 51166 
 bytesread = 00000000000 
 TABLE =EVT_T_ACCEPT_FLOW   EVT_T_ACCEPT_FLOW
IMP-00098: INTERNAL ERROR: impgst2
IMP-00028: partial import of previous table rolled back: 680071 rows rolled back
IMP-00008: unrecognized statement in the export file: 
  ??????????????????
IMP-00008: unrecognized statement in the export file: 
  .:
IMP-00008: unrecognized statement in the export file: 
  $;
IMP-00008: unrecognized statement in the export file: 
  ||$
…………

这里可以知道数据库exp的客户端是版本是10.2.0.1,使用编码是US7ASCII,但是导入的库编码是ZHS16GBK

exp日志信息

Connected to: Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
Export done in US7ASCII character set and AL16UTF16 NCHAR character set
server uses ZHS16GBK character set (possible charset conversion)

EXP-00091: Exporting questionable statistics.
. . exporting table              EVT_T_ACCEPT_FLOW    3470071 rows exported
. . exporting table             EVT_T_ACCEPT_FLOW1    2707606 rows exported
……
. exporting post-schema procedural objects and actions
. exporting statistics
Export terminated successfully with warnings.

这里我们可以知道数据库编码是ZHS16GBK,exp客户端编码为US7ASCII,因此到导出过程中发生了一次由ZHS16GBK到US7ASCII的编码转换

检查新库发现,其db编码为ZHS16GBK,新库的NLS设置为:nls_lang=AMERICAN_AMERICA.ZHS16GBK
整个导出流程是:db编码为ZHS16GBK的数据库被客户端编码为US7ASCII的exp导出,然后被编码为ZHS16GBK的imp导入到db编码为ZHS16GBK的数据库中

故障可能性定位
1.可能在从ZHS16GBK到US7ASCII的编码转换中发生数据异常,也就是说dmp文件本身异常(我们最不希望出现的结果)
2.由于数据库导出过场会发生编码转换(ZHS16GBK->US7ASCII),而导入过程未发生编码转换(ZHS16GBK->ZHS16GBK),从而出现异常

分析并解决
1. 使用dul扫描dmp文件发现汉字都能够识别,而且exp成功的记录条数在dul扫描中都完全正常恢复出来,证明dmp文件是正常的
2. 基于dmp文件正常,编码转换的过程,得出结论在该库的imp过程中设置nls_lang=AMERICAN_AMERICA.US7ASCII问题应该就可以正常解决.果不其然,设置了NLS_LANG之后imp导入数据OK

得出结论
1. 做升级,迁移尽快保留多一份数据,这次吓得不轻
2. exp/imp最好前后客户端编码一致,否则可能被转换晕

ORACLE 12C 在datapump方面增强参数

在阅读ORACLE 12C datapump相关文档之时,发现有两个比较欣喜的参数LOGTIME和SQLFILE,鉴于他们是12C新增加参数,对他们的使用方法和用途进行简单说明
LOGTIME参数
该参数可以用于expdp/impdp,主要作用是记录执行步骤的开始时间,精确到微秒,使用语法为

LOGTIME=[NONE | STATUS | LOGFILE | ALL]
• NONE--No timestamps on status or log file messages (same as default)
• STATUS--Timestamps on status messages only
• LOGFILE--Timestamps on log file messages only
• ALL--Timestamps on both status and log file messages

该参数主要在我们对于一些数据库迁移升级项目使用datapump的时候,在测试阶段能够通过该参数发现哪一步执行时间较长,然后对其调优减少执行时间;另外一点就是可以通过做减法精确到具体的时间(毫米),我们可以知道我们的datapump主要耗时在哪一步,做到心中有数不慌

LOGTIME测试

SQL> conn chf/xifenfei@pdb
已连接。

SQL> show pdbs;

    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         3 PDB                            READ WRITE NO

SQL> create directory temp as 'e:\';

目录已创建。

SQL> create table t_xifenfei as select * from dba_objects;

表已创建。

SQL> create index ind_t_xifenfei on t_xifenfei(object_id);

索引已创建。

C:\Users\XIFENFEI>expdp chf/xifenfei@pdb dumpfile=t_xifenfei.dmp tables=t_xifenf
ei logfile=t_xifenfei.log directory=temp REUSE_DUMPFILES=yes LOGTIME=all

Export: Release 12.1.0.1.0 - Production on 星期日 7月 14 20:11:24 2013

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

连接到: Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options
14-7月 -13 20:11:35.961: 启动 "CHF"."SYS_EXPORT_TABLE_01":  chf/********@pdb dumpfile=t_xifenfei.dmp 
 tables=t_xifenfei logfile=t_xifenfei.log directory=temp REUSE_DUMPFILES=yes LOGTIME=all
14-7月 -13 20:11:37.703: 正在使用 BLOCKS 方法进行估计...
14-7月 -13 20:11:40.636: 处理对象类型 TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE_DATA
14-7月 -13 20:11:40.825: 使用 BLOCKS 方法的总估计: 13 MB
14-7月 -13 20:11:48.802: 处理对象类型 TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE
14-7月 -13 20:11:54.543: 处理对象类型 TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/INDEX/INDEX
14-7月 -13 20:11:57.204: 处理对象类型 TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/INDEX/STATISTICS/INDEX_STATISTICS
14-7月 -13 20:11:59.269: 处理对象类型 TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/STATISTICS/TABLE_STATISTICS
14-7月 -13 20:11:59.306: 处理对象类型 TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/STATISTICS/MARKER
14-7月 -13 20:12:36.563: . . 导出了 "CHF"."T_XIFENFEI"  10.36 MB   90865 行
14-7月 -13 20:12:37.527: 已成功加载/卸载了主表 "CHF"."SYS_EXPORT_TABLE_01"
14-7月 -13 20:12:37.533: ******************************************************************************
14-7月 -13 20:12:37.537: CHF.SYS_EXPORT_TABLE_01 的转储文件集为:
14-7月 -13 20:12:37.547:   E:\T_XIFENFEI.DMP
14-7月 -13 20:12:37.577: 作业 "CHF"."SYS_EXPORT_TABLE_01" 已于 星期日 7月 14 20:12:37 2013 elapsed 0 00:01:06 成功完成

SQLFILE参数
该参数可以用于impdp,主要作用是未真实在目标端执行导入的情况下,生成sql文件包含该dmp文件的所有ddl语句,使用语法为

SQLFILE=[directory_object:]file_name

注意事项:
1.directory_object可以不和impdp的DIRECTORY参数不一致,如果是一样,directory_object可以省略
2.SQLFILE文件必须写入到磁盘之上,不能写入到ASM中
3.SQLFILE和QUERY参数冲突,不能同时使用

SQLFILE测试

C:\Users\XIFENFEI>impdp chf/xifenfei@pdb dumpfile=t_xifenfei.dmp tables=t_xifenfei logfile=t_xifenfei.log
 directory=temp  sqlfile=t_xifenfei.sql

Import: Release 12.1.0.1.0 - Production on 星期日 7月 14 20:42:13 2013

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

连接到: Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.1.0 - 64bit Produc
tion
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing opt
ions
已成功加载/卸载了主表 "CHF"."SYS_SQL_FILE_TABLE_01"
启动 "CHF"."SYS_SQL_FILE_TABLE_01":  chf/********@pdb dumpfile=t_xifenfei.dmp ta
bles=t_xifenfei logfile=t_xifenfei.log directory=temp sqlfile=t_xifenfei.sql
处理对象类型 TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE
处理对象类型 TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/INDEX/INDEX
处理对象类型 TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/INDEX/STATISTICS/INDEX_STATISTICS
处理对象类型 TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/STATISTICS/TABLE_STATISTICS
处理对象类型 TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/STATISTICS/MARKER
作业 "CHF"."SYS_SQL_FILE_TABLE_01" 已于 星期日 7月 14 20:42:25 2013 elapsed 0 00:00:08 成功完成

t_xifenfei.sql内容

-- CONNECT CHF
ALTER SESSION SET EVENTS '10150 TRACE NAME CONTEXT FOREVER, LEVEL 1';
ALTER SESSION SET EVENTS '10904 TRACE NAME CONTEXT FOREVER, LEVEL 1';
ALTER SESSION SET EVENTS '25475 TRACE NAME CONTEXT FOREVER, LEVEL 1';
ALTER SESSION SET EVENTS '10407 TRACE NAME CONTEXT FOREVER, LEVEL 1';
ALTER SESSION SET EVENTS '10851 TRACE NAME CONTEXT FOREVER, LEVEL 1';
ALTER SESSION SET EVENTS '22830 TRACE NAME CONTEXT FOREVER, LEVEL 192 ';
-- new object type path: TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE
CREATE TABLE "CHF"."T_XIFENFEI" 
   (	"OWNER" VARCHAR2(128 BYTE), 
	"OBJECT_NAME" VARCHAR2(128 BYTE), 
	"SUBOBJECT_NAME" VARCHAR2(128 BYTE), 
	"OBJECT_ID" NUMBER, 
	"DATA_OBJECT_ID" NUMBER, 
	"OBJECT_TYPE" VARCHAR2(23 BYTE), 
	"CREATED" DATE, 
	"LAST_DDL_TIME" DATE, 
	"TIMESTAMP" VARCHAR2(19 BYTE), 
	"STATUS" VARCHAR2(7 BYTE), 
	"TEMPORARY" VARCHAR2(1 BYTE), 
	"GENERATED" VARCHAR2(1 BYTE), 
	"SECONDARY" VARCHAR2(1 BYTE), 
	"NAMESPACE" NUMBER, 
	"EDITION_NAME" VARCHAR2(128 BYTE), 
	"SHARING" VARCHAR2(13 BYTE), 
	"EDITIONABLE" VARCHAR2(1 BYTE), 
	"ORACLE_MAINTAINED" VARCHAR2(1 BYTE)
   ) SEGMENT CREATION IMMEDIATE 
  PCTFREE 10 PCTUSED 40 INITRANS 1 MAXTRANS 255 
 NOCOMPRESS LOGGING
  STORAGE(INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  TABLESPACE "USERS" ;
-- new object type path: TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/INDEX/INDEX
CREATE INDEX "CHF"."IND_T_XIFENFEI" ON "CHF"."T_XIFENFEI" ("OBJECT_ID") 
  PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 
  STORAGE(INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  TABLESPACE "USERS" PARALLEL 1 ;

  ALTER INDEX "CHF"."IND_T_XIFENFEI" NOPARALLEL;
-- new object type path: TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/INDEX/STATISTICS/INDEX_STATISTICS
-- new object type path: TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/STATISTICS/TABLE_STATISTICS
-- new object type path: TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/STATISTICS/MARKER

ORACLE 12C datapump关于LOGTIME和SQLFILE参数

使用dbms_pumpdata执行expdp操作

使用dbms_pumpdata执行expdp操作

set serverout on 
declare 
  h1 number; -- Datapump handle 
  dir_name varchar2(30); -- Directory Name 
  job_status VARCHAR2(30); 
begin 
  dir_name := 'DATA_PUMP_DIR'; 
  h1 := dbms_datapump.open(
  operation =>'EXPORT', --是export还是impport
--导出表配置
  job_mode =>'TABLE',  --job_mode可以为SCHEMA/TABLE等
--导出用户配置
  job_mode =>'SCHEMA',
  remote_link => NULL, --是否使用dblink导出(就是NETWORK_LINK)
  job_name =>'TABLE_XFF' --job_name expdpjob的名称
  ); 

  dbms_datapump.add_file(handle =>h1, 
                         filename => 'XIFENFEI.DMP', 
                         directory => dir_name, 
                         filetype => DBMS_DATAPUMP.KU$_FILE_TYPE_DUMP_FILE, 
                         reusefile => 1); -- value of 1 instructs to overwrite existing file 

  dbms_datapump.add_file(handle =>h1, 
                         filename => 'XIFENFEI.LOG', 
                         directory => dir_name, 
                         filetype => DBMS_DATAPUMP.KU$_FILE_TYPE_LOG_FILE, 
                         reusefile => 1); 

--导出表配置
  dbms_datapump.metadata_filter(handle =>h1, 
                         name => 'TABLE_FILTER', 
                         value => 'CHF.T_XIFENFEI'); 

--导出用户配置
  dbms_datapump.metadata_filter (handle => dp_handle, 
                                 name => 'SCHEMA_EXPR', 
                                 value => 'IN (''CHF'')'); 
-- Start the job. 
  dbms_datapump.start_job(h1); 
  dbms_datapump.wait_for_job (handle => dp_handle, 
                              job_state => job_status); 
  dbms_output.put_line ('DataPump Export - '||to_char(sysdate,'DD/MM/YYYY HH24:MI:SS')||' Status '||job_status); 
  begin 
     dbms_datapump.detach(handle => h1); 
   end; 
end; 
/