解决ORA-00701: object necessary for warmstarting database cannot be altered不再是奢求

在Oracle使用的过程中,经常遭遇一些核心index出现异常,导致数据库无法正常使用,特别是在数据库open的情况下,因为出现这些bootstrap$中的部分index是无法通过设置event38003进行重建,从而导致数据库无法正常使用,最常见异常index 有:I_ICOL1, I_TS1, I_CDEF1, I_CDEF2, I_CDEF3, I_CDEF4, I_PROXY_DATA$, I_IND1, I_TS#, I_UNDO1, I_UNDO2, I_COBJ#, I_USER1, I_USER2, I_CON1, I_CON2, I_FILE1, I_FILE2, I_FILE#_BLOCK#, I_USER#, I_OBJ#, I_PROXY_ROLE_DATA$_1, I_PROXY_ROLE_DATA$_2, I_CCOL1, I_CCOL2, I_TAB1, I_COL1, I_COL2, I_COL3, I_OBJ1, I_OBJ2, I_OBJ3, I_OBJ4, I_OBJ5
重建的index异常报错有:ORA-00701,ORA-01410,ORA-08102,ORA-08103,ORA-01578,ORA-01499,ORA-00600等各类错误
这里假设Oracle数据库一个非常核心的表OBJ$中的I_OBJ1异常,现在准备重建它,大概步骤如下:
1. 假设异常index信息(I_OBJ1)

SQL> alter index sys.i_obj1 rebuild;
alter index sys.i_obj1 rebuild
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00701: object necessary for warmstarting database cannot be altered

SQL> SELECT SQL_TEXT FROM BOOTSTRAP$ WHERE SQL_TEXT LIKE '%obj%';

SQL_TEXT
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CREATE UNIQUE INDEX I_OBJ1 ON OBJ$(OBJ#,OWNER#,TYPE#) PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXT
RANS 255 STORAGE (  INITIAL 64K NEXT 1024K MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645 PC
TINCREASE 0 OBJNO 36 EXTENTS (FILE 1 BLOCK 336))

2. 创建获取异常index所属表

SQL>  select table_name from dba_indexes where owner='SYS' AND INDEX_NAME='I_OBJ1';

TABLE_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
OBJ$

3. 获取obj$ ddl 语句

SQL> set long 10000
SQL> set pages 1000
SQL>  SELECT DBMS_METADATA.GET_DDL('TABLE','OBJ$','SYS') FROM DUAL;

DBMS_METADATA.GET_DDL('TABLE','OBJ$','SYS')
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  CREATE TABLE "SYS"."OBJ$"
   (    "OBJ#" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
        "DATAOBJ#" NUMBER,
        "OWNER#" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
        "NAME" VARCHAR2(128) NOT NULL ENABLE,
        "NAMESPACE" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
        "SUBNAME" VARCHAR2(128),
        "TYPE#" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
        "CTIME" DATE NOT NULL ENABLE,
        "MTIME" DATE NOT NULL ENABLE,
        "STIME" DATE NOT NULL ENABLE,
        "STATUS" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
        "REMOTEOWNER" VARCHAR2(128),
        "LINKNAME" VARCHAR2(128),
        "FLAGS" NUMBER,
        "OID$" RAW(16),
        "SPARE1" NUMBER,
        "SPARE2" NUMBER,
        "SPARE3" NUMBER,
        "SPARE4" VARCHAR2(1000),
        "SPARE5" VARCHAR2(1000),
        "SPARE6" DATE,
        "SIGNATURE" RAW(16),
        "SPARE7" NUMBER,
        "SPARE8" NUMBER,
        "SPARE9" NUMBER
   ) PCTFREE 10 PCTUSED 40 INITRANS 1 MAXTRANS 255
 NOCOMPRESS LOGGING
  STORAGE(INITIAL 16384 NEXT 106496 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  TABLESPACE "SYSTEM"

4. 获取obj$相关index 语句

SQL>  SELECT DBMS_METADATA.GET_DDL('INDEX',INDEX_NAME,'SYS') FROM dba_indexes where owner='SYS' AND TABLE_NAME='OBJ$';

DBMS_METADATA.GET_DDL('INDEX',INDEX_NAME,'SYS')
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  CREATE UNIQUE INDEX "SYS"."I_OBJ5" ON "SYS"."OBJ$" ("SPARE3", "NAME", "NAMESPA
CE", "TYPE#", "OWNER#", "REMOTEOWNER", "LINKNAME", "SUBNAME", "OBJ#")
  PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 COMPUTE STATISTICS
  STORAGE(INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  TABLESPACE "SYSTEM"


  CREATE INDEX "SYS"."I_OBJ4" ON "SYS"."OBJ$" ("DATAOBJ#", "TYPE#", "OWNER#")
  PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 COMPUTE STATISTICS
  STORAGE(INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  TABLESPACE "SYSTEM"


  CREATE INDEX "SYS"."I_OBJ3" ON "SYS"."OBJ$" ("OID$")
  PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 COMPUTE STATISTICS
  STORAGE(INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  TABLESPACE "SYSTEM"


  CREATE UNIQUE INDEX "SYS"."I_OBJ2" ON "SYS"."OBJ$" ("OWNER#", "NAME", "NAMESPA
CE", "REMOTEOWNER", "LINKNAME", "SUBNAME", "TYPE#", "SPARE3", "OBJ#")
  PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 COMPUTE STATISTICS
  STORAGE(INITIAL 16384 NEXT 106496 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  TABLESPACE "SYSTEM"


  CREATE UNIQUE INDEX "SYS"."I_OBJ1" ON "SYS"."OBJ$" ("OBJ#", "OWNER#", "TYPE#")

  PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 COMPUTE STATISTICS
  STORAGE(INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  TABLESPACE "SYSTEM"

5. 创建obj$img表和相关index

SQL>   CREATE TABLE "SYS"."OBJ$IMG"
  2     (    "OBJ#" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
  3          "DATAOBJ#" NUMBER,
  4          "OWNER#" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
  5          "NAME" VARCHAR2(128) NOT NULL ENABLE,
  6          "NAMESPACE" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
  7          "SUBNAME" VARCHAR2(128),
  8          "TYPE#" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
  9          "CTIME" DATE NOT NULL ENABLE,
 10          "MTIME" DATE NOT NULL ENABLE,
 11          "STIME" DATE NOT NULL ENABLE,
 12          "STATUS" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
 13          "REMOTEOWNER" VARCHAR2(128),
 14          "LINKNAME" VARCHAR2(128),
 15          "FLAGS" NUMBER,
 16          "OID$" RAW(16),
 17          "SPARE1" NUMBER,
 18          "SPARE2" NUMBER,
 19          "SPARE3" NUMBER,
 20          "SPARE4" VARCHAR2(1000),
 21          "SPARE5" VARCHAR2(1000),
 22          "SPARE6" DATE,
 23          "SIGNATURE" RAW(16),
 24          "SPARE7" NUMBER,
 25          "SPARE8" NUMBER,
 26          "SPARE9" NUMBER
 27     ) PCTFREE 10 PCTUSED 40 INITRANS 1 MAXTRANS 255
 28   NOCOMPRESS LOGGING
 29    STORAGE(INITIAL 16384 NEXT 106496 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
 30    PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
 31    BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
 32    TABLESPACE "SYSTEM"
 33  ;

Table created.

SQL> 
SQL>   CREATE UNIQUE INDEX "SYS"."I_OBJ_5IMG" ON "SYS"."OBJ$IMG" ("SPARE3", "NAME", "NAMESPACE", "TYPE#", "OWNER#", "REMOTEOWNER", "LINKNAME", "SUBNAME", "OBJ#")
  2    PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 COMPUTE STATISTICS
  3    STORAGE(INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  4    PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  5    BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  6    TABLESPACE "SYSTEM";

Index created.

SQL>   CREATE INDEX "SYS"."I_OBJ4IMG" ON "SYS"."OBJ$IMG" ("DATAOBJ#", "TYPE#", "OWNER#")
  2    PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 COMPUTE STATISTICS
  3    STORAGE(INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  4    PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  5    BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  6    TABLESPACE "SYSTEM";   

Index created.

SQL>   CREATE INDEX "SYS"."I_OBJ3IMG" ON "SYS"."OBJ$IMG" ("OID$")
  2    PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 COMPUTE STATISTICS
  3    STORAGE(INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  4    PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  5    BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  6    TABLESPACE "SYSTEM";

Index created.

SQL>   CREATE UNIQUE INDEX "SYS"."I_OBJ2IMG" ON "SYS"."OBJ$IMG" ("OWNER#", "NAME", "NAMESPACE", "REMOTEOWNER", "LINKNAME", "SUBNAME", "TYPE#", "SPARE3", "OBJ#")
  2    PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 COMPUTE STATISTICS
  3    STORAGE(INITIAL 16384 NEXT 106496 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  4    PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  5    BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  6    TABLESPACE "SYSTEM";

Index created.

SQL>   CREATE UNIQUE INDEX "SYS"."I_OBJ1IMG" ON "SYS"."OBJ$IMG" ("OBJ#", "OWNER#", "TYPE#")
  2    PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 COMPUTE STATISTICS
  3    STORAGE(INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  4    PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  5    BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  6    TABLESPACE "SYSTEM"
  7  ;

Index created.

6. 获取bootstrap$语句

SQL> SELECT DBMS_METADATA.GET_DDL('TABLE','BOOTSTRAP$','SYS') FROM DUAL;

DBMS_METADATA.GET_DDL('TABLE','BOOTSTRAP$','SYS')
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  CREATE TABLE "SYS"."BOOTSTRAP$"
   (    "LINE#" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
        "OBJ#" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
        "SQL_TEXT" VARCHAR2(4000) NOT NULL ENABLE
   ) PCTFREE 10 PCTUSED 40 INITRANS 1 MAXTRANS 255
 NOCOMPRESS LOGGING
  STORAGE(INITIAL 57344 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
  TABLESPACE "SYSTEM"

7. 创建bootstrap$img表

SQL>   CREATE TABLE "SYS"."BOOTSTRAP$IMG"
  2     (    "LINE#" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
  3          "OBJ#" NUMBER NOT NULL ENABLE,
  4          "SQL_TEXT" VARCHAR2(4000) NOT NULL ENABLE
  5     ) PCTFREE 10 PCTUSED 40 INITRANS 1 MAXTRANS 255
  6   NOCOMPRESS LOGGING
  7    STORAGE(INITIAL 57344 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
  8    PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
  9    BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
 10    TABLESPACE "SYSTEM"
 11  /

Table created.

8.插入数据

insert into obj$img select * from obj$;
insert into bootstrap$img select * from bootstrap$;
commit;

9. 删除bootstrap$img对象名

delete from bootstrap$img where obj# in 
 (select obj# from obj$ 
  where name in ('OBJ$',  'I_OBJ1',  'I_OBJ2', 'I_OBJ3', 'I_OBJ4', 'I_OBJ5',
                 'BOOTSTRAP$'));
commit;

10. 插入新创建对象

insert into bootstrap$img select * from bootstrap$tmpstr;
commit;

11. 关闭数据库

SQL> shutdown immediate;
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.

12. bbed修改相关block值

[oracle@oel6 ~]$ bbed 
Password: 

BBED: Release 2.0.0.0.0 - Limited Production on Thu Aug 7 04:54:50 2014

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

************* !!! For Oracle Internal Use only !!! ***************

BBED> set filename '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/XIFENFEI/system01.dbf'
        FILENAME        /u01/app/oracle/oradata/XIFENFEI/system01.dbf

BBED> set blocksize 8192
        BLOCKSIZE       8192

BBED> set block 1
        BLOCK#          1

BBED> set mode edit
        MODE            Edit

BBED> set count 32
        COUNT           32

BBED> m /x e81d
Warning: contents of previous BIFILE will be lost. Proceed? (Y/N) y
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/XIFENFEI/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 1                Offsets:   196 to  227           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 e81d4000 12000000 00000000 41bad632 15bad632 01000000 00000000 00000000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> m /x 5200 offset +2
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/XIFENFEI/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 1                Offsets:   198 to  229           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 52001200 00000000 000041ba d63215ba d6320100 00000000 00000000 00000000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> d offset 96
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/XIFENFEI/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 1                Offsets:   196 to  227           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 e81d5200 12000000 00000000 41bad632 15bad632 01000000 00000000 00000000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> sum apply
Check value for File 0, Block 1:
current = 0x5fbf, required = 0x5fbf

BBED> verify
DBVERIFY - Verification starting
FILE = /u01/app/oracle/oradata/XIFENFEI/system01.dbf
BLOCK = 1


DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Blocks Examined         : 1
Total Blocks Processed (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Processed (Index): 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Index): 0
Total Blocks Empty            : 0
Total Blocks Marked Corrupt   : 0
Total Blocks Influx           : 0
Message 531 not found;  product=RDBMS; facility=BBED


BBED> exit

13. 启动数据库

SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  663945216 bytes
Fixed Size                  2291808 bytes
Variable Size             369100704 bytes
Database Buffers          289406976 bytes
Redo Buffers                3145728 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.

14. 验证I_OBJ1 index重建情况

SQL> SELECT OBJECT_ID,DATA_OBJECT_ID,CREATED FROM DBA_OBJECTS WHERE OBJECT_NAME='I_OBJ1';

 OBJECT_ID DATA_OBJECT_ID CREATED
---------- -------------- ---------
     77120          77120 06-AUG-14

SQL> !date  
Thu Aug  6 05:29:25 CST 2014

SQL> SELECT HEADER_FILE,HEADER_BLOCK FROM DBA_SEGMENTS WHERE SEGMENT_NAME='I_OBJ1';

HEADER_FILE HEADER_BLOCK
----------- ------------
          1        77296

SQL> SELECT SQL_TEXT FROM BOOTSTRAP$ WHERE SQL_TEXT LIKE '%obj%';

SQL_TEXT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
create unique index i_obj1 on obj$(obj#, owner#, type#) PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 STORAGE (  INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 M
AXEXTENTS 2147483645 PCTINCREASE 0 OBJNO 77120 EXTENTS (FILE 1 BLOCK 77296))

create unique index i_obj2 on obj$(owner#, name, namespace,remoteowner, linkname, subname, type#, spare3, obj#) PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS
255 STORAGE (  INITIAL 16384 NEXT 106496 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645 PCTINCREASE 0 OBJNO 77119 EXTENTS (FILE 1 BLOCK 77288))

create index i_obj3 on obj$(oid$) PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 STORAGE (  INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645 P
CTINCREASE 0 OBJNO 77118 EXTENTS (FILE 1 BLOCK 77280))

create index i_obj4 on obj$(dataobj#, type#, owner#) PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 STORAGE (  INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXE
XTENTS 2147483645 PCTINCREASE 0 OBJNO 77117 EXTENTS (FILE 1 BLOCK 77272))

create unique index i_obj5 on obj$(spare3, name, namespace, type#, owner#, remoteowner, linkname, subname, obj#) PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS
 255 STORAGE (  INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645 PCTINCREASE 0 OBJNO 77116 EXTENTS (FILE 1 BLOCK 77264))

因为重建bootstrap$中的核心index是一个复杂而且风险非常大的事情,在你无法确定风险或者无法正常完成此类操作之时,如有需要请联系我
Phone:13429648788    Q Q:107644445    E-Mail:dba@xifenfei.com

记录一次oer 8102.2处理

1.alert日志

Tue Dec 20 22:09:45 2011
Errors in file /opt/app/oracle/admin/BAS/bdump/bas_m000_27442.trc:
Wed Dec 21 22:10:45 2011
Errors in file /opt/app/oracle/admin/BAS/bdump/bas_m000_32761.trc:
Thu Dec 22 22:11:46 2011
Errors in file /opt/app/oracle/admin/BAS/bdump/bas_m000_5935.trc:
Fri Dec 23 22:12:47 2011
Errors in file /opt/app/oracle/admin/BAS/bdump/bas_m000_11382.trc:

Mnnn performs manageability tasks dispatched to them by MMON. Tasks performed include taking Automatic Workload Repository snapshots and Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor analysis.
从这个时间点来看,应该是数据库启动GATHER_STATS_JOB收集统计信息时发现这个错误。

2.bas_m000_11382.trc

Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options
ORACLE_HOME = /opt/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1
System name:    Linux
Node name:      bas
Release:        2.6.9-78.ELsmp
Version:        #1 SMP Wed Jul 9 15:46:26 EDT 2008
Machine:        x86_64
Instance name: BAS
Redo thread mounted by this instance: 1
Oracle process number: 24
Unix process pid: 11382, image: oracle@bas (m000)

*** ACTION NAME:(Auto-Purge Slave Action) 2011-12-23 22:12:47.074
*** MODULE NAME:(MMON_SLAVE) 2011-12-23 22:12:47.074
*** SERVICE NAME:(SYS$BACKGROUND) 2011-12-23 22:12:47.074
*** SESSION ID:(5465.2033) 2011-12-23 22:12:47.074
oer 8102.2 - obj# 4152, rdba: 0x00401f7c(afn 1, blk# 8060)
kdk key 8102.2:
  ncol: 2, len: 10
  key: (10):  02 c1 0a 06 00 c0 04 dc 00 00
  mask: (4096): 
 09 00 00 00 00 fb d1 c0 00 00 00 00 00 70 f8 fe bf 7f 00 00 00 cd 7d 5d 01
oer 8102.<code> - obj# <object id>, rdba: <rdba value>(afn <file#>, blk# <block#>)
kdk key 8102.2:
ncol: <number of columns in the key including the rowid>, len: <key length>
key: (<length>):<hexadecimal value>

obj#:   object_id for the affected index in dba_objects.
rdba:   relative data block address where the key is supposed to be stored in the index.
afn:     absolute file number where the affected index block is stored. 
(file_id in dba_data_files, file# in v$datafile).
blk#:   Index block number where the key is supposed to be stored.

出现oer 8102.2的错误,有两种可能:1.坏块,2.表和索引数据不一致

3.找出相关对象

SQL> col object_name for a30
SQL> col owner for a10
SQL> select object_name,owner,object_type
  2  from dba_objects where object_id=4152;

OBJECT_NAME                    OWNER      OBJECT_TYPE
------------------------------ ---------- -------------------
WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST_IDX_TS     SYS        INDEX

SQL> select OWNER,TABLE_NAME from dba_indexes 
   2 where index_name='WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST_IDX_TS';

OWNER      TABLE_NAME
---------- ------------------------------
SYS        WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST

SQL> ANALYZE TABLE sys.WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST VALIDATE STRUCTURE CASCADE;
ANALYZE TABLE sys.WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST VALIDATE STRUCTURE CASCADE
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01499: table/index cross reference failure - see trace file

4.分析坏块(逻辑/物理)

SQL> ANALYZE INDEX WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST_IDX_TS VALIDATE STRUCTURE;

Index analyzed.

SQL> ANALYZE TABLE WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST VALIDATE STRUCTURE;

Table analyzed.

[oracle@bas bdump]$ dbv file=/opt/app/oracle/oradata/BAS/system01.dbf

DBVERIFY: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on Sat Dec 24 21:14:38 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

DBVERIFY - Verification starting : FILE = /opt/app/oracle/oradata/BAS/system01.dbf


DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Pages Examined         : 552960
Total Pages Processed (Data) : 360156
Total Pages Failing   (Data) : 0
Total Pages Processed (Index): 167596
Total Pages Failing   (Index): 0
Total Pages Processed (Other): 1961
Total Pages Processed (Seg)  : 0
Total Pages Failing   (Seg)  : 0
Total Pages Empty            : 23247
Total Pages Marked Corrupt   : 0
Total Pages Influx           : 0
Highest block SCN            : 2890198330 (2750.2890198330)

检测证明,对象以及对象所属的数据文件,无坏块现象

5.分析表和index不一致

--找出index对应列
SQL> SELECT table_name , column_name from dba_ind_columns  
  2  WHERE index_name='WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST_IDX_TS' order by table_name; 

TABLE_NAME                     COLUMN_NAME
------------------------------ --------------------
WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST            TS_ID

--确定对应列是否允许为null
SQL> desc WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST
 Name                                      Null?    Type
 ----------------------------------------- -------- ----------------------------
 AUTO_TASKID                                        NUMBER
 TS_ID                                              NUMBER
 OBJN                                               NUMBER
 OBJD                                               NUMBER
 STATUS                                             VARCHAR2(40)
 TASK_ID                                            NUMBER
 REASON                                             VARCHAR2(40)
 REASON_VALUE                                       NUMBER
 CREATION_TIME                                      TIMESTAMP(6)
 PROC_TASKID                                        NUMBER
 END_TIME                                           TIMESTAMP(6)
 SEGMENT_OWNER                                      VARCHAR2(30)
 SEGMENT_NAME                                       VARCHAR2(81)
 PARTITION_NAME                                     VARCHAR2(30)
 SEGMENT_TYPE                                       VARCHAR2(18)
 TABLESPACE_NAME                                    VARCHAR2(30)

--确认在表中对应列是否有空值
SQL> SELECT /*+ FULL(t1) */ count(TS_ID)
  2   FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t1 
  3    WHERE t1.TS_ID IS NULL;

COUNT(TS_ID)
------------
           0
--表比index多数据
SQL> SELECT /*+ FULL(t1) */ TS_ID
  2  FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t1
  3  MINUS
  4  SELECT /*+ index(t WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST_IDX_TS) */ TS_ID
  5  FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t where  ts_id is not null;

no rows selected


--index中数据条数
SQL> SELECT /*+ index(t WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST_IDX_TS) */ count(TS_ID)
  2  FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t
  3  where ts_id is not null;

COUNT(TS_ID)
------------
         901

--表中数据条数
SQL> SELECT /*+ FULL(t1) */ count(TS_ID)
  2  FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t1 ;

COUNT(TS_ID)
------------
         937

--index中不同值数量
SQL> SELECT /*+ index(t WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST_IDX_TS) */ 
  2  COUNT(DISTINCT TS_ID)
  3  FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t WHERE TS_ID IS NOT NULL;

COUNT(DISTINCTTS_ID)
--------------------
                   5
--表中不同值数量
SQL> SELECT /*+ index(t WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST_IDX_TS) */ TS_ID
  2  FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t WHERE ts_id IS NOT NULL
  3  MINUS
  4  SELECT /*+ FULL(t1) */ TS_ID
  5  FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t1 ;

     TS_ID
----------
         4
--对比可以知道index中的唯一值比表中,这个也就解释了,为什么表中总条数多,
--但是他们两做减法的时候,记录为空

--索引表比表多数据
SQL> SELECT /*+ index(t WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST_IDX_TS) */ TS_ID
  2  FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t WHERE ts_id IS NOT NULL
  3  MINUS
  4  SELECT /*+ FULL(t1) */ TS_ID
  5  FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t1 ;

     TS_ID
----------
         4

上面的检测证明:1.表中有索引中无的数据,2.索引中有表中不存在数据

6.解决问题

SQL> alter index WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST_IDX_TS rebuild online;

Index altered.

--测试index中总条数
SQL> SELECT /*+ index(t WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST_IDX_TS) */ count(TS_ID)
  2   FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t
  3    where  ts_id is not null;

COUNT(TS_ID)
------------
         937

--无多余index项(以前唯一值为4的记录已经不存在)
SQL> SELECT /*+ index(t WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST_IDX_TS) */ TS_ID
  2      FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t WHERE ts_id IS NOT NULL
  3    MINUS
  4      SELECT /*+ FULL(t1) */ TS_ID
  5      FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t1 ;

no rows selected

--通过上述测试,证明表和index不一致问题解决