再一起asm disk被格式化成ext3文件系统故障恢复

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标题:再一起asm disk被格式化成ext3文件系统故障恢复

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

国庆节前夕接到朋友求救电话asm disk被格式化成ext3格式了,具体操作如下
20191006205129


20191006205203

并且把这个分区直接挂载到/目录
20191006205239

由于/被挂载新格式化的控盘,导致asm磁盘组访问其他盘报错

Sun Sep 29 18:15:02 2019
Errors in file /u01/app/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_b000_8094.trc:
ORA-15025: could not open disk "/dev/asmdisk/sdh"
ORA-27041: unable to open file
Linux-x86_64 Error: 2: No such file or directory
Additional information: 3
Errors in file /u01/app/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_b000_8094.trc:
ORA-15025: could not open disk "/dev/asmdisk/sdh"
ORA-27041: unable to open file
Linux-x86_64 Error: 2: No such file or directory
Additional information: 3
WARNING: cache failed reading from group=1(DATA) fn=9 blk=0 count=1 from 
disk= 5 (DATA_0005) kfkist=0x20 status=0x02 osderr=0x0 file=kfc.c line=11596
Errors in file /u01/app/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_b000_8094.trc:
ORA-15025: could not open disk "/dev/asmdisk/sdh"
ORA-27041: unable to open file
Linux-x86_64 Error: 2: No such file or directory
Additional information: 3
ORA-15080: synchronous I/O operation to a disk failed
WARNING: cache succeeded reading from group=1(DATA) fn=9 blk=0 count=1 from 
disk= 7 (DATA_0007) kfkist=0x20 status=0x01 osderr=0x0 file=kfc.c line=11637
Errors in file /u01/app/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/+ASM1_b000_8094.trc:
ORA-15025: could not open disk "/dev/asmdisk/sdh"
ORA-27041: unable to open file
Linux-x86_64 Error: 2: No such file or directory
Additional information: 3
WARNING: PST-initiated drop of 1 disk(s) in group 1(.2380027701))

重启系统之后,重试mount 磁盘组

GMON dismounting group 1 at 18 for pid 31, osid 44279
NOTE: Disk DATA_0000 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk DATA_0001 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk DATA_0002 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk DATA_0003 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk DATA_0004 in mode 0x1 marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk DATA_0005 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk DATA_0006 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk DATA_0007 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk  in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk DATA_0009 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk DATA_0010 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk DATA_0011 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk DATA_0012 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk DATA_0013 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk DATA_0014 in mode 0x7f marked for de-assignment
ERROR: diskgroup DATA was not mounted
ORA-15032: not all alterations performed
ORA-15040: diskgroup is incomplete
ORA-15042: ASM disk "8" is missing from group number "1" 
ERROR: ALTER DISKGROUP DATA MOUNT  /* asm agent *//* {1:2587:2} */

由于sdb(asm disk 8)被格式化,导致data磁盘组无法正常mount.这个客户运气比较好data 磁盘组是normal模式,但是由于mount到/,导致disk 4被强制drop,因此无法mount成功,但是通过一系列处理数据实现完美恢复,0数据丢失
20191006211707


如果磁盘组是外部冗余,请参考:
又一例asm格式化文件系统恢复
一次完美的asm disk被格式化ntfs恢复
oracle asm disk格式化恢复—格式化为ext4文件系统
oracle asm disk格式化恢复—格式化为ntfs文件系统

ORA-15032 ORA-15040 ORA-15042 asm故障恢复

接到一个朋友恢复请求,19个lun的asm 磁盘组,由于其中一个lun有问题,他们进行了增加一个新lun,删除老lun的方法操作,但是操作一半hang住了(因为坏的lun是底层损坏,无法完成rebalance),然后存储工程师继续修复异常lun,非常幸运异常lun修复好了,但是高兴过了头,直接从存储上删除了新加入的lun(已经rebalance一部分数据进去了),这个时候asm dg彻底趴下了,不能mount成功,请求恢复支持。由于某种原因,无法从lun层面恢复,只能让我们提供数据库层面恢复

Mon Sep 21 19:52:35 2015
SQL> alter diskgroup  dg_XFF add disk '/dev/rhdisk116' size 716800M drop disk dg_XFF_0012
NOTE: Assigning number (1,20) to disk (/dev/rhdisk116)
NOTE: requesting all-instance membership refresh for group=1
NOTE: initializing header on grp 1 disk DG_XFF_0020
NOTE: requesting all-instance disk validation for group=1
Mon Sep 21 19:52:44 2015
NOTE: skipping rediscovery for group 1/0xb94738f1 (DG_XFF) on local instance.
NOTE: requesting all-instance disk validation for group=1
NOTE: skipping rediscovery for group 1/0xb94738f1 (DG_XFF) on local instance.
NOTE: initiating PST update: grp = 1
Mon Sep 21 19:52:44 2015
GMON updating group 1 at 25 for pid 27, osid 12124486
NOTE: PST update grp = 1 completed successfully
NOTE: membership refresh pending for group 1/0xb94738f1 (DG_XFF)
GMON querying group 1 at 26 for pid 18, osid 10092734
NOTE: cache opening disk 20 of grp 1: DG_XFF_0020 path:/dev/rhdisk116
GMON querying group 1 at 27 for pid 18, osid 10092734
SUCCESS: refreshed membership for 1/0xb94738f1 (DG_XFF)
Mon Sep 21 19:52:47 2015
SUCCESS: alter diskgroup  dg_XFF add disk '/dev/rhdisk116' size 716800M drop disk dg_XFF_0012
NOTE: starting rebalance of group 1/0xb94738f1 (DG_XFF) at power 1
Starting background process ARB0
Mon Sep 21 19:52:47 2015
ARB0 started with pid=28, OS id=10944804
NOTE: assigning ARB0 to group 1/0xb94738f1 (DG_XFF) with 1 parallel I/O
NOTE: Attempting voting file refresh on diskgroup DG_XFF
Mon Sep 21 20:35:06 2015
SQL> ALTER DISKGROUP DG_XFF MOUNT  /* asm agent *//* {1:51107:7083} */
NOTE: cache registered group DG_XFF number=1 incarn=0xdd6f975a
NOTE: cache began mount (first) of group DG_XFF number=1 incarn=0xdd6f975a
NOTE: Assigning number (1,0) to disk (/dev/rhdisk10)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,1) to disk (/dev/rhdisk11)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,2) to disk (/dev/rhdisk16)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,3) to disk (/dev/rhdisk17)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,4) to disk (/dev/rhdisk22)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,5) to disk (/dev/rhdisk23)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,6) to disk (/dev/rhdisk28)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,7) to disk (/dev/rhdisk29)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,8) to disk (/dev/rhdisk33)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,9) to disk (/dev/rhdisk34)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,10) to disk (/dev/rhdisk4)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,11) to disk (/dev/rhdisk40)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,12) to disk (/dev/rhdisk41)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,13) to disk (/dev/rhdisk45)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,14) to disk (/dev/rhdisk46)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,15) to disk (/dev/rhdisk5)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,16) to disk (/dev/rhdisk52)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,17) to disk (/dev/rhdisk53)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,18) to disk (/dev/rhdisk57)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,19) to disk (/dev/rhdisk58)
Wed Sep 30 11:08:07 2015
NOTE: start heartbeating (grp 1)
GMON querying group 1 at 33 for pid 35, osid 4194488
NOTE: Assigning number (1,20) to disk ()
GMON querying group 1 at 34 for pid 35, osid 4194488
NOTE: cache dismounting (clean) group 1/0xDD6F975A (DG_XFF)
NOTE: dbwr not being msg'd to dismount
NOTE: lgwr not being msg'd to dismount
NOTE: cache dismounted group 1/0xDD6F975A (DG_XFF)
NOTE: cache ending mount (fail) of group DG_XFF number=1 incarn=0xdd6f975a
NOTE: cache deleting context for group DG_XFF 1/0xdd6f975a
GMON dismounting group 1 at 35 for pid 35, osid 4194488
NOTE: Disk  in mode 0x8 marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk  in mode 0x8 marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk  in mode 0x8 marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk  in mode 0x8 marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk  in mode 0x8 marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk  in mode 0x8 marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk  in mode 0x8 marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk  in mode 0x8 marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk  in mode 0x8 marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk  in mode 0x8 marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk  in mode 0x8 marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk  in mode 0x8 marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk  in mode 0x8 marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk  in mode 0x8 marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk  in mode 0x8 marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk  in mode 0x8 marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk  in mode 0x8 marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk  in mode 0x8 marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk  in mode 0x8 marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk  in mode 0x8 marked for de-assignment
NOTE: Disk  in mode 0x8 marked for de-assignment
ERROR: diskgroup DG_XFF was not mounted
ORA-15032: not all alterations performed
ORA-15040: diskgroup is incomplete
ORA-15042: ASM disk "20" is missing from group number "1"
ERROR: ALTER DISKGROUP DG_XFF MOUNT  /* asm agent *//* {1:51107:7083} */

这里比较明显,由于存储工程师直接删除了lun,这里导致磁盘组DG_XFF丢失asm disk 20,使得磁盘组无法直接mount,由于该磁盘组已经进行了较长时间的rebalance,丢失的盘中已经有大量数据(包括元数据),因此就算修改pst让磁盘组mount起来(不一定成功),也会丢失大量数据,也不一定可以直接拿出来里面的数据,如果只是加入盘,但是由于某种原因没有做rebalance,那我们直接可以通过修改pst,使得磁盘组mount起来。因此对于这样的情况,我们能够做的,只能从底层扫描磁盘,生成数据文件(因为有部分文件的元数据在丢失lun之上,如果直接使用现存元数据信息,直接拷贝,或者unload数据都会丢失大量数据),然后再进一步unload数据,完成恢复。需要恢复磁盘信息

grp# dsk# bsize ausize disksize diskname        groupname       path
---- ---- ----- ------ -------- --------------- --------------- -------------
   1    0  4096  4096K   179200 DG_XFF_0000     DG_XFF          /dev/rhdisk10
   1    1  4096  4096K   179200 DG_XFF_0001     DG_XFF          /dev/rhdisk11
   1    2  4096  4096K   179200 DG_XFF_0002     DG_XFF          /dev/rhdisk16
   1    3  4096  4096K   179200 DG_XFF_0003     DG_XFF          /dev/rhdisk17
   1    4  4096  4096K   179200 DG_XFF_0004     DG_XFF          /dev/rhdisk22
   1    5  4096  4096K   179200 DG_XFF_0005     DG_XFF          /dev/rhdisk23
   1    6  4096  4096K   179200 DG_XFF_0006     DG_XFF          /dev/rhdisk28
   1    7  4096  4096K   179200 DG_XFF_0007     DG_XFF          /dev/rhdisk29
   1    8  4096  4096K   179200 DG_XFF_0008     DG_XFF          /dev/rhdisk33
   1    9  4096  4096K   179200 DG_XFF_0009     DG_XFF          /dev/rhdisk34
   1   10  4096  4096K   179200 DG_XFF_0010     DG_XFF          /dev/rhdisk4
   1   11  4096  4096K   179200 DG_XFF_0011     DG_XFF          /dev/rhdisk40
   1   12  4096  4096K   179200 DG_XFF_0012     DG_XFF          /dev/rhdisk41
   1   13  4096  4096K   179200 DG_XFF_0013     DG_XFF          /dev/rhdisk45
   1   14  4096  4096K   179200 DG_XFF_0014     DG_XFF          /dev/rhdisk46
   1   15  4096  4096K   179200 DG_XFF_0015     DG_XFF          /dev/rhdisk5
   1   16  4096  4096K   179200 DG_XFF_0016     DG_XFF          /dev/rhdisk52
   1   17  4096  4096K   179200 DG_XFF_0017     DG_XFF          /dev/rhdisk53
   1   18  4096  4096K   179200 DG_XFF_0018     DG_XFF          /dev/rhdisk57
   1   19  4096  4096K   179200 DG_XFF_0019     DG_XFF          /dev/rhdisk58

这次运气比较好,丢失的磁盘组只是一个业务磁盘组,而且里面只有19个表空间,10个分区表,因此在数据字典完成的情况下,恢复10个分区表(一共6443个分区)的数据,整体恢复效果如下:
RECOVER


从整体数据量看恢复比例为:6003.26953/6027.26935*100%=99.6018127%,对于丢失了一个已经rebalance的大部分的lun,依旧能够恢复如此的数据,整体看非常理想.不得不说,老熊威武

asm disk误设置pvid导致asm diskgroup无法mount恢复

转载:asm disk误设置pvid导致asm diskgroup无法mount恢复
有朋友找到我说他们把以前存储到AIX直连的存储切换为含光纤交换机的存储网络后,RAC无法启动,让我给予支持.通过分析是由于换盘之后开始磁盘顺序不对,维护人员对其asm disk 设置了pvid,导致asm 磁盘组无法正常mount,从而使得含votedisk的dg的asm disk无法正常访问,从而RAC的cssd进程无法启动,同样数据文件的磁盘组也无法mount,通过kfed修复成功,实现数据0丢失.
平台版本信息(2节点RAC)

$ sqlplus -v

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production

$ uname -a
AIX db2 1 7 00F9733E4C00

GI日志报错信息

2014-12-20 16:44:08.769: 
[ohasd(6946818)]CRS-2769:Unable to failover resource 'ora.diskmon'.
2014-12-20 16:44:11.775: 
[cssd(9502756)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; 
Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/log/db1/cssd/ocssd.log
2014-12-20 16:44:26.791: 
[cssd(9502756)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; 
、Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/log/db1/cssd/ocssd.log
2014-12-20 16:44:41.812: 
[cssd(9502756)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; 
Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/log/db1/cssd/ocssd.log

从这里可以看出来是由于RAC启动过程中无法获得votedisk使得其无法正常启动,通过分析日志找出来votedisk相关磁盘

2014-12-15 17:36:15.424: 
[cssd(10027070)]CRS-1605:CSSD voting file is online: /dev/rhdisk4; details in /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/log/db1/cssd/ocssd.log
2014-12-15 17:36:15.433: 
[cssd(10027070)]CRS-1605:CSSD voting file is online: /dev/rhdisk5; details in /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/log/db1/cssd/ocssd.log
2014-12-15 17:36:15.445: 
[cssd(10027070)]CRS-1605:CSSD voting file is online: /dev/rhdisk6; details in /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/log/db1/cssd/ocssd.log

从这里可以知道rhdisk4,5,6为votedisk对应磁盘,使用kfed查看磁盘头信息

$kfed read /dev/rhdisk4
kfbh.endian:                        201 ; 0x000: 0xc9
kfbh.hard:                          194 ; 0x001: 0xc2
kfbh.type:                          212 ; 0x002: *** Unknown Enum ***
kfbh.datfmt:                        193 ; 0x003: 0xc1
kfbh.block.blk:                       0 ; 0x004: blk=0
kfbh.block.obj:                       0 ; 0x008: file=0
kfbh.check:                           0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
1102BEE00 C9C2D4C1 00000000 00000000 00000000  [................]
1102BEE10 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000  [................]
        Repeat 6 times
1102BEE80 00F9733D 67553E0A 00000000 00000000  [..s=gU>.........]
1102BEE90 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000  [................]
  Repeat 246 times
KFED-00322: Invalid content encountered during block traversal: [kfbtTraverseBlock][Invalid OSM block type][][212]

$kfed read /dev/rhdisk4 blkn=1
kfbh.endian:                          0 ; 0x000: 0x00
kfbh.hard:                          130 ; 0x001: 0x82
kfbh.type:                            2 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_FREESPC
kfbh.datfmt:                          2 ; 0x003: 0x02
kfbh.block.blk:                       1 ; 0x004: blk=1
kfbh.block.obj:              2147483648 ; 0x008: disk=0
kfbh.check:                  3883664132 ; 0x00c: 0xe77c0304
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdfsb.aunum:                         0 ; 0x000: 0x00000000
kfdfsb.max:                         254 ; 0x004: 0x00fe
kfdfsb.cnt:                          23 ; 0x006: 0x0017
kfdfsb.bound:                         0 ; 0x008: 0x0000
kfdfsb.flag:                          1 ; 0x00a: B=1
kfdfsb.ub1spare:                      0 ; 0x00b: 0x00
kfdfsb.spare[0]:                      0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfdfsb.spare[1]:                      0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfdfsb.spare[2]:                      0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfdfse[0].fse:                      119 ; 0x018: FREE=0x7 FRAG=0x7
kfdfse[1].fse:                       16 ; 0x019: FREE=0x0 FRAG=0x1
…………

$kfed read /dev/rhdisk4 blkn=510
kfbh.endian:                          0 ; 0x000: 0x00
kfbh.hard:                          130 ; 0x001: 0x82
kfbh.type:                            1 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_DISKHEAD
kfbh.datfmt:                          1 ; 0x003: 0x01
kfbh.block.blk:                     254 ; 0x004: blk=254
kfbh.block.obj:              2147483648 ; 0x008: disk=0
kfbh.check:                  3460116983 ; 0x00c: 0xce3d31f7
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.provstr:         ORCLDISK ; 0x000: length=8
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[0]:            0 ; 0x008: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[1]:            0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[2]:            0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[3]:            0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[4]:            0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[5]:            0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.compat:                186646528 ; 0x020: 0x0b200000
kfdhdb.dsknum:                        0 ; 0x024: 0x0000
kfdhdb.grptyp:                        2 ; 0x026: KFDGTP_NORMAL
kfdhdb.hdrsts:                        3 ; 0x027: KFDHDR_MEMBER
kfdhdb.dskname:                CRS_0000 ; 0x028: length=8
kfdhdb.grpname:                     CRS ; 0x048: length=3
kfdhdb.fgname:                 CRS_0000 ; 0x068: length=8
…………

由上述分析可以基本上确定是asm disk header 被破坏,进一步分析破坏原因

[db2/dev#]lspv
hdisk0          00f9733ef7cf27e9                    rootvg          active      
hdisk1          00f9733e21b953e6                    rootvg          active      
hdisk2          00f9733e21b97a83                    appvg           active      
hdisk3          00f9733e21b98434                    appvg           active      
hdisk4          00f9733d67553e0a                    None                        
hdisk5          00f9733d67553f31                    None                        
hdisk6          00f9733d67554011                    None                        
hdisk7          00f9733d67554165                    None                        
hdisk8          00f9733d675541e5                    None                        
hdisk9          00f9733d675542e4                    None                        
hdisk10         none                                None   

[db2/dev#]ls -l rhdisk*
crw-------    2 root     system       24,  1 Oct 18 11:45 rhdisk0
crw-------    1 root     system       24,  3 Oct 18 13:27 rhdisk1
crw-------    1 root     system       24,  5 Dec 20 20:02 rhdisk10
crw-------    1 root     system       24,  2 Oct 18 13:32 rhdisk2
crw-------    1 root     system       24,  0 Oct 18 13:32 rhdisk3
crw-rw----    1 grid     asmadmin     24,  8 Dec 20 20:02 rhdisk4
crw-rw----    1 grid     asmadmin     24,  9 Dec 20 20:02 rhdisk5
crw-rw----    1 grid     asmadmin     24, 10 Dec 20 20:02 rhdisk6
crw-rw----    1 grid     asmadmin     24,  4 Dec 20 20:02 rhdisk7
crw-rw----    1 grid     asmadmin     24,  6 Dec 20 20:02 rhdisk8
crw-rw----    1 grid     asmadmin     24,  7 Dec 20 20:02 rhdisk9

从这里基本上可以看出来,是由于磁盘头被重写了pvid,导致asm disk header 被破坏.进一步分析asm log,确定哪些磁盘被用作asm disk

SQL> CREATE DISKGROUP CRS NORMAL REDUNDANCY  DISK '/dev/rhdisk4',
'/dev/rhdisk5',
'/dev/rhdisk6' ATTRIBUTE 'compatible.asm'='11.2.0.0.0','au_size'='1M' /* ASMCA */ 
NOTE: Assigning number (1,0) to disk (/dev/rhdisk4)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,1) to disk (/dev/rhdisk5)
NOTE: Assigning number (1,2) to disk (/dev/rhdisk6)
NOTE: initializing header on grp 1 disk CRS_0000
NOTE: initializing header on grp 1 disk CRS_0001
NOTE: initializing header on grp 1 disk CRS_0002

SQL> CREATE DISKGROUP DATA EXTERNAL REDUNDANCY  DISK 
'/dev/rhdisk9' SIZE 614400M  ATTRIBUTE 'compatible.asm'='11.2.0.0.0','au_size'='1M' /* ASMCA */ 
NOTE: Assigning number (2,0) to disk (/dev/rhdisk9)
NOTE: initializing header on grp 2 disk DATA_0000


SQL> CREATE DISKGROUP FBA EXTERNAL REDUNDANCY  DISK 
'/dev/rhdisk8' SIZE 204800M  ATTRIBUTE 'compatible.asm'='11.2.0.0.0','au_size'='1M' /* ASMCA */ 
NOTE: Assigning number (3,0) to disk (/dev/rhdisk8)
NOTE: initializing header on grp 3 disk FBA_0000


SQL> CREATE DISKGROUP ARCH EXTERNAL REDUNDANCY  DISK 
'/dev/rhdisk7' SIZE 102400M  ATTRIBUTE 'compatible.asm'='11.2.0.0.0','au_size'='1M' /* ASMCA */ 
NOTE: Assigning number (4,0) to disk (/dev/rhdisk7)
NOTE: initializing header on grp 4 disk ARCH_0000

这里可以确定asm disk为rhdisk[4-9],通过kfed分析全部和rhdisk4一样的问题,也符合lspv查询出来的结果,使用kfed repair修复asm disk header后

SQL> alter diskgroup data mount;

Diskgroup altered.

SQL> alter diskgroup fba mount;

Diskgroup altered.

SQL> alter diskgroup arch mount;

Diskgroup altered.

SQL> alter diskgroup crs mount;

Diskgroup altered.

SQL> select group_number,disk_number,path from v$asm_disk;

GROUP_NUMBER DISK_NUMBER PATH
------------ ----------- --------------------------------------------------
           2           0 /dev/rhdisk4
           2           1 /dev/rhdisk5
           2           2 /dev/rhdisk6
           1           0 /dev/rhdisk7
           4           0 /dev/rhdisk8
           3           0 /dev/rhdisk9

6 rows selected.

SQL> select group_number,name from v$asm_diskgroup;

GROUP_NUMBER NAME
------------ ------------------------------------------------------------
           1 ARCH
           2 CRS
           3 DATA
           4 FBA

这里证明通过kfed对磁盘头的修复,asm磁盘组已经全部mount成功,GI状态也恢复正常

[db2/#]crsctl status res -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NAME           TARGET  STATE        SERVER                   STATE_DETAILS       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.ARCH.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.CRS.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.DATA.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.FBA.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.asm
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                      Started             
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                      Started             
ora.gsd
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      db1                                          
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      db2                                          
ora.net1.network
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.ons
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.registry.acfs
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
ora.cvu
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
ora.db1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
ora.db2.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.nkora.db
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                      Open                
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                      Open                
ora.oc4j
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
ora.scan1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          

这里忽略了一个问题,在修复磁盘头之前没有清除pvid,导致磁盘头修复后,pvid依然存储在odm中

[db2/dev#]lspv
hdisk0          00f9733ef7cf27e9                    rootvg          active      
hdisk1          00f9733e21b953e6                    rootvg          active      
hdisk2          00f9733e21b97a83                    appvg           active      
hdisk3          00f9733e21b98434                    appvg           active      
hdisk4          00f9733d67553e0a                    None                        
hdisk5          00f9733d67553f31                    None                        
hdisk6          00f9733d67554011                    None                        
hdisk7          00f9733d67554165                    None                        
hdisk8          00f9733d675541e5                    None                        
hdisk9          00f9733d675542e4                    None                        
hdisk10         none                                None   

通过分析发现fba磁盘组中无任何记录,使用该磁盘组进行直接清除pvid测试

$ sqlplus / as sysasm

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Sun Dec 21 03:13:31 2014

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options

SQL> alter diskgroup fba dismount;

Diskgroup altered.

SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options
$ exit
You have mail in /usr/spool/mail/root
[db2/#]chdev -l hdisk8 -a pv=clear
hdisk8 changed
[db2/#]lspv
hdisk0          00f9733ef7cf27e9                    rootvg          active      
hdisk1          00f9733e21b953e6                    rootvg          active      
hdisk2          00f9733e21b97a83                    appvg           active      
hdisk3          00f9733e21b98434                    appvg           active      
hdisk4          00f9733d67553e0a                    None                        
hdisk5          00f9733d67553f31                    None                        
hdisk6          00f9733d67554011                    None                        
hdisk7          00f9733d67554165                    None                        
hdisk8          none                                None                        
hdisk9          00f9733d675542e4                    None                        
hdisk10         none                                None                        
[db2/#]su - grid
$ sqlplus / as sysasm

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Sun Dec 21 03:15:19 2014

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options

SQL> alter diskgroup fba mount;

Diskgroup altered.

SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options

通过测试直接清除pvid asm 磁盘头依然工作正常,关闭GI,使用chdev清除hdisk[4-9]所有pvid,启动GI一切正常

[db1/#]crsctl status res -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NAME           TARGET  STATE        SERVER                   STATE_DETAILS       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.ARCH.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.CRS.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.DATA.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.FBA.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.asm
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                      Started             
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                      Started             
ora.gsd
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      db1                                          
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      db2                                          
ora.net1.network
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.ons
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.registry.acfs
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
ora.cvu
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
ora.db1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
ora.db2.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.nkora.db
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                      Open                
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                      Open                
ora.oc4j
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
ora.scan1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
[db1/#]lspv
hdisk0          00f9733df7c7a9db                    rootvg          active      
hdisk1          00f9733d21dad8fe                    rootvg          active      
hdisk2          00f9733d21dbd08b                    appvg           active      
hdisk3          00f9733d21dbd2ab                    appvg           active      
hdisk4          none                                None                        
hdisk5          none                                None                        
hdisk6          none                                None                        
hdisk7          none                                None                        
hdisk8          none                                None                        
hdisk9          none                                None                        
hdisk10         none                                None 

至此设置pvid导致asm disk header损坏的asm 恢复正常,实现数据0丢失。
温馨提示:aix asm disk磁盘中不能设置pvid,否则将会导致asm disk header 损坏,无法正常mount