ORACLE REDO各种异常恢复

redo是oracle数据库比较核心文件,当redo异常之后,数据库无法正常启动,而且有丢失数据的风险,强烈建议条件允许redo多路镜像.redo文件异常的故障可以说是千奇百怪,但是总体上可以分为几类:
数据库归档/非归档模式下inactive redo异常
ORA-00316 ORA-00327

SQL> startup mount
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  260046848 bytes
Fixed Size                  1266896 bytes
Variable Size              83888944 bytes
Database Buffers          167772160 bytes
Redo Buffers                7118848 bytes
Database mounted.
SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00316: log 2 of thread 1, type  in header is not log file
ORA-00312: online log 2 thread 1: '/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo02.log'

SQL> col member for a40
SQL> set lines 120
SQL>   SELECT thread#,
  2           a.sequence#,
  3           a.group#,
  4           TO_CHAR (first_change#, '9999999999999999') "SCN",
  5           a.status,
  6           MEMBER
  7      FROM v$log a, v$logfile b
  8     WHERE a.group# = B.GROUP#
  9  ORDER BY a.sequence# DESC;

   THREAD#  SEQUENCE#     GROUP# SCN               STATUS           MEMBER
---------- ---------- ---------- ----------------- ---------------- -----------------------------------
         1         15          3            665697 CURRENT          /u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo03.log
         1         14          2            645619 INACTIVE         /u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo02.log
         1         13          1            625540 INACTIVE         /u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo01.log

SQL> ALTER DATABASE CLEAR LOGFILE GROUP 2;

Database altered.

SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00327: log 2 of thread 1, physical size  less than needed
ORA-00312: online log 2 thread 1: '/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo02.log'

SQL> alter database drop logfile group 2;

Database altered.

SQL> alter database open;

Database altered.

SQL> alter database add logfile group 2 ('/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo02.log') size 50M reuse;

Database altered.

正常关闭数据库current redo异常
ORA-00316 ORA-01623

SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00316: log 1 of thread 1, type  in header is not log file
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: '/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo01.log'

SQL>   SELECT thread#,
  2           a.sequence#,
  3           a.group#,
  4           TO_CHAR (first_change#, '9999999999999999') "SCN",
  5           a.status,
  6           MEMBER
  7      FROM v$log a, v$logfile b
  8     WHERE a.group# = B.GROUP#
  9  ORDER BY a.sequence# DESC;

   THREAD#  SEQUENCE#     GROUP# SCN               STATUS           MEMBER
---------- ---------- ---------- ----------------- ---------------- ----------------------------------
         1         16          1            685918 CURRENT          /u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo01.log
         1         15          3            665697 INACTIVE         /u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo03.log
         1          0          2                 0 UNUSED           /u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo02.log

SQL> ALTER DATABASE CLEAR LOGFILE GROUP 1;
ALTER DATABASE CLEAR LOGFILE GROUP 1
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00316: log 1 of thread 1, type 0 in header is not log file
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: '/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo01.log'


SQL> ALTER DATABASE drop logfile group 1;
ALTER DATABASE drop logfile group 1
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01623: log 1 is current log for instance XFF (thread 1) - cannot drop
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: '/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo01.log'

SQL> recover database until cancel;
Media recovery complete.
SQL> alter database open resetlogs;

Database altered.

数据库异常关闭current/active redo异常
ORA-00316 ORA-01624 ORA-01194

SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00316: log 1 of thread 1, type 0 in header is not log file
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: '/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo01.log'

SQL>   SELECT thread#,
  2           a.sequence#,
  3           a.group#,
  4           TO_CHAR (first_change#, '9999999999999999') "SCN",
  5           a.status,
  6           MEMBER
  7      FROM v$log a, v$logfile b
  8     WHERE a.group# = B.GROUP#
  9  ORDER BY a.sequence# DESC;

   THREAD#  SEQUENCE#     GROUP# SCN               STATUS           MEMBER
---------- ---------- ---------- ----------------- ---------------- -----------------------------------
         1          8          2            686310 CURRENT          /u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo02.log
         1          7          1            686294 ACTIVE           /u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo01.log
         1          6          3            686289 INACTIVE         /u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo03.log

SQL> ALTER DATABASE CLEAR LOGFILE GROUP 1;
ALTER DATABASE CLEAR LOGFILE GROUP 1
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01624: log 1 needed for crash recovery of instance XFF (thread 1)
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: '/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo01.log'


SQL> ALTER DATABASE drop logfile group 1;
ALTER DATABASE drop logfile group 1
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01624: log 1 needed for crash recovery of instance XFF (thread 1)
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: '/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo01.log'


SQL> recover database until cancel
ORA-00279: change 686294 generated at 04/20/2013 01:37:16 needed for thread 1
ORA-00289: suggestion : /u01/oracle/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/arch1_7_813202529.dbf
ORA-00280: change 686294 for thread 1 is in sequence #7


Specify log: {<RET>=suggested | filename | AUTO | CANCEL}
/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo01.log
ORA-00308: cannot open archived log '/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo01.log'
ORA-27047: unable to read the header block of file
Additional information: 2


Specify log: {<RET>=suggested | filename | AUTO | CANCEL}
cancel
ORA-01547: warning: RECOVER succeeded but OPEN RESETLOGS would get error below
ORA-01194: file 1 needs more recovery to be consistent
ORA-01110: data file 1: '/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/system01.dbf'


ORA-01112: media recovery not started


SQL> alter database open resetlogs;
alter database open resetlogs
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01194: file 1 needs more recovery to be consistent
ORA-01110: data file 1: '/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/system01.dbf'

SQL> alter system set "_allow_resetlogs_corruption"=true scope=spfile;

System altered.

SQL> shutdown immediate;
ORA-01109: database not open


Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
SQL> startup mount;
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  260046848 bytes
Fixed Size                  1266896 bytes
Variable Size              83888944 bytes
Database Buffers          167772160 bytes
Redo Buffers                7118848 bytes
Database mounted.
SQL> recover database until cancel
ORA-00279: change 686294 generated at 04/20/2013 01:37:16 needed for thread 1
ORA-00289: suggestion : /u01/oracle/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/arch1_7_813202529.dbf
ORA-00280: change 686294 for thread 1 is in sequence #7


Specify log: {<RET>=suggested | filename | AUTO | CANCEL}
cancel
ORA-01547: warning: RECOVER succeeded but OPEN RESETLOGS would get error below
ORA-01194: file 1 needs more recovery to be consistent
ORA-01110: data file 1: '/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/system01.dbf'


ORA-01112: media recovery not started


SQL> alter database open resetlogs;

Database altered.

在这样的情况下,数据库异常关闭,current/active redo异常,通过使用隐含参数可能可以侥幸的恢复数据库,但是也可能导致数据丢失.这里因为是模拟情况,无业务所以在很多较为繁忙的业务系统中,使用隐含参数resetlogs过程中可能还会遇到如下很多常见的错误,进一步增加了恢复难度

current/active redo异常后附带其他错误
ORA-600[2662]

Wed Dec 07 13:02:49 2011
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\hzyl\hzyl\trace\hzyl_ora_3388.trc  (incident=216664):
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [2662], [2], [1153862134], [2], [1153864845], [12582921], [], []
Incident details in: d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\hzyl\hzyl\incident\incdir_216664\hzyl_ora_3388_i216664.trc
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\hzyl\hzyl\trace\hzyl_ora_3388.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [2662], [2], [1153862134], [2], [1153864845], [12582921], [], []
Error 600 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 3388): terminating the instance due to error 600

ORA-00600[4000]

Thu Feb 28 19:29:10 2013
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Thu Feb 28 19:29:11 2013
Errors in file /u1/PROD/prodora/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_oracle/udump/prod_ora_20989.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4000], [50], [], [], [], [], [], []
Thu Feb 28 19:29:13 2013
Incremental checkpoint up to RBA [0x1.3.0], current log tail at RBA [0x1.3.0]
Thu Feb 28 19:29:13 2013
Errors in file /u1/PROD/prodora/db/tech_st/10.2.0/admin/PROD_oracle/udump/prod_ora_20989.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4000], [50], [], [], [], [], [], []

ORA-00704 ORA-00604 ORA-01555

Fri May  4 21:04:21 2012
select ctime, mtime, stime from obj$ where obj# = :1
Fri May  4 21:04:21 2012
Errors in file /oracle/admin/standdb/udump/perfdb_ora_1286288.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 40 with name "_SYSSMU40$" too small
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER: terminating instance due to error 704
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 1286288
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open resetlogs...

current/active redo异常还可能报如下错误
redo文件损坏报错

Started redo scan
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\hzyl\hzyl\trace\hzyl_ora_2960.trc  (incident=214262):
ORA-00353: 日志损坏接近块 12014 更改 9743799889 时间 12/05/2011 09:21:11
ORA-00312: 联机日志 3 线程 1: 'R:\ORADATA\HZYL\REDO03.LOG'
Incident details in: d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\hzyl\hzyl\incident\incdir_214262\hzyl_ora_2960_i214262.trc
Aborting crash recovery due to error 368
Errors in file d:\app\administrator\diag\rdbms\hzyl\hzyl\trace\hzyl_ora_2960.trc:
ORA-00368: 重做日志块中的校验和错误
ORA-00353: 日志损坏接近块 12014 更改 9743799889 时间 12/05/2011 09:21:11
ORA-00312: 联机日志 3 线程 1: 'R:\ORADATA\HZYL\REDO03.LOG'
ORA-368 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN...

redo文件被其他实例占用报错

Wed May 16 17:03:11 2012
Started redo scan
Wed May 16 17:03:11 2012
Errors in file /oracle/admin/odsdb/udump/odsdb1_ora_2040024.trc:
ORA-00305: log 14 of thread 1 inconsistent; belongs to another database
ORA-00312: online log 14 thread 1: '/dev/rods_redo1_2_2'
ORA-00305: log 14 of thread 1 inconsistent; belongs to another database
ORA-00312: online log 14 thread 1: '/dev/rods_redo1_2_1'
ORA-305 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN...

存储整体异常

Mon Oct 17 09:35:09 2011
Errors in file /oracle/app/admin/orcl/bdump/orcl2_lgwr_348814.trc:
ORA-00340: IO error processing online log 4 of thread 2
ORA-00345: redo log write error block 6732 count 2
ORA-00312: online log 4 thread 2: '/dev/rredo21'
ORA-27063: number of bytes read/written is incorrect
IBM AIX RISC System/6000 Error: 6: No such device or address
Additional information: -1
Additional information: 1024
Mon Oct 17 09:35:09 2011
LGWR: terminating instance due to error 340

存储IO异常

Fri Feb 21 08:44:42 2014
Thread 1 advanced to log sequence 591 (LGWR switch)
  Current log# 1 seq# 591 mem# 0: J:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO01.LOG
Fri Feb 21 15:31:20 2014
Errors in file c:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\orcl\bdump\orcl_lgwr_10312.trc:
ORA-00316: log 1 of thread 1, type 286 in header is not log file
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: 'J:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO01.LOG'

使用_disable_logging参数

Sat May 14 23:16:49 2005
Errors in file d:\oracle\admin\rman\bdump\rman_arc0_736.trc:
ORA-16038: log 3 sequence# 72 cannot be archived
ORA-00354: corrupt redo log block header
ORA-00312: online log 3 thread 1: 'D:\ORACLE\ORADATA\RMAN\REDO03.LOG'

如果你在使用这些思路进行恢复遇到突发情况不能自行解决,请联系我们,将为您提供专业数据库技术支持
Phone:13429648788    Q Q:107644445    E-Mail:dba@xifenfei.com

姊妹篇
undo异常总结和恢复思路
ORACLE丢失各种文件导致数据库不能OPEN恢复

记录一次ORA-00316 ORA-00312 redo异常恢复

正常运行的数据库报突然报ORA-00316: log 1 of thread 1, type 286 in header is not log file,异常终止

Fri Feb 21 08:44:42 2014
Thread 1 advanced to log sequence 591 (LGWR switch)
  Current log# 1 seq# 591 mem# 0: J:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO01.LOG
Fri Feb 21 15:31:20 2014
Errors in file c:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\orcl\bdump\orcl_lgwr_10312.trc:
ORA-00316: log 1 of thread 1, type 286 in header is not log file
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: 'J:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO01.LOG'

Fri Feb 21 15:31:20 2014
Errors in file c:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\orcl\bdump\orcl_lgwr_10312.trc:
ORA-00316: log 1 of thread 1, type 286 in header is not log file
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: 'J:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO01.LOG'

Fri Feb 21 15:31:20 2014
LGWR: terminating instance due to error 316
Fri Feb 21 15:31:20 2014
Errors in file c:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\orcl\bdump\orcl_j001_11328.trc:
ORA-00316: log  of thread , type  in header is not log file

Fri Feb 21 15:31:20 2014
Errors in file c:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\orcl\bdump\orcl_j000_14116.trc:
ORA-00316: 日志  (用于线程 ) 标头中的类型  不是日志文件

Fri Feb 21 15:31:20 2014
Errors in file c:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\orcl\bdump\orcl_dbw1_8964.trc:
ORA-00316: log  of thread , type  in header is not log file

Fri Feb 21 15:31:22 2014
Errors in file c:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\orcl\bdump\orcl_dbw0_10592.trc:
ORA-00316: log  of thread , type  in header is not log file
ORA-27041: unable to open file
OSD-04002: unable to open file
O/S-Error: (OS 2) 系统找不到指定的文件。
ORA-27041: unable to open file
OSD-04002: unable to open file
O/S-Error: (OS 2) 系统找不到指定的文件。

Fri Feb 21 15:31:41 2014
Errors in file c:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\orcl\bdump\orcl_smon_11112.trc:
ORA-00316: log  of thread , type  in header is not log file

Fri Feb 21 15:31:41 2014
Instance terminated by LGWR, pid = 10312

数据库启动报ORA-00316错误

SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00316: log 1 of thread 1, type 286 in header is not log file
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: 'J:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO01.LOG'

alert日志信息,报ORA-00316 ORA-00312

Sun Feb 23 13:54:08 2014
Started redo scan
Sun Feb 23 13:54:08 2014
Errors in file e:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\ora10g\udump\orcl_ora_5544.trc:
ORA-00316: log 1 of thread 1, type 286 in header is not log file
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: 'J:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO01.LOG'

Sun Feb 23 13:54:08 2014
Aborting crash recovery due to error 316
Sun Feb 23 13:54:08 2014
Errors in file e:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\ora10g\udump\orcl_ora_5544.trc:
ORA-00316: log 1 of thread 1, type 286 in header is not log file
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: 'J:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO01.LOG'

ORA-316 signalled during: alter database open...

通过dump redo header可以看出来redo header完全混乱了,里面很多数据文件内容在里面,初步估计系统或者硬件有问题(不稳定)导致该问题

LOG FILE #1: 
  (name #3) J:\ORADATA\ORCL\REDO01.LOG
 Thread 1 redo log links: forward: 2 backward: 0
 siz: 0x7d000 seq: 0x0000024f hws: 0x1 bsz: 512 nab: 0xffffffff flg: 0xa dup: 1
 Archive links: fwrd: 0 back: 0 Prev scn: 0x0000.4f4a1951
 Low scn: 0x0000.4f4e5400 02/21/2014 08:44:42
 Next scn: 0xffff.ffffffff 01/01/1988 00:00:00
 FILE HEADER:
	Software vsn=4280360459=0xff211e0b, Compatibility Vsn=103886850=0x6313002
	Db ID=842019892=0x32303434, Db Name='01a0001'
	Activation ID=1107558657=0x42040101
	Control Seq=842019892=0x32303434, File size=808464688=0x30303130
	File Number=2417, Blksiz=2013738803, File Type=286 UNKNOWN
 descrip:"00-440201|广东省xxxxxx研究院|00014402010037"
 thread: 767 nab: 0x534e4906 seq: 0xbcfebcbd hws: 0xffffffff eot: 55 dis: 66
 reset logs count: 0x7545245 scn: 0x0101.1e097178
 Low scn: 0x4537.2022002c 01/15/2022 20:59:37
 Next scn: 0x3734.46463135 04/30/2017 17:34:49
 Enabled scn: 0x4345.37333038 10/22/2015 02:04:16
 Thread closed scn: 0x3939.43303143 08/25/2024 00:11:31
 Log format vsn: 0x46343835 Disk cksum: 0x1d09 Calc cksum: 0x70ed
 Terminal Recovery Stop scn: 0x3734.35304141
 Terminal Recovery Stamp  03/17/2014 19:59:48
 Most recent redo scn: 0x3636.31303134
 Largest LWN: 758788710 blocks
 Miscellaneous flags: 0x41444534
 Thread internal enable indicator: thr: 263902399, seq: 808464496 scn: 0x3032.30343431

因为当前redo完全损坏,尝试不完全恢复并结合隐含参数(_allow_resetlogs_corruption)拉库,出现错误ORA-00704 ORA-00604 ORA-01555

Sun Feb 23 14:03:37 2014
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Sun Feb 23 14:03:39 2014
ORA-01555 caused by SQL statement below (SQL ID: 4krwuz0ctqxdt, SCN: 0x0000.4f4e5405):
Sun Feb 23 14:03:39 2014
select ctime, mtime, stime from obj$ where obj# = :1
Sun Feb 23 14:03:39 2014
Errors in file e:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\ora10g\udump\orcl_ora_5504.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 11 with name "_SYSSMU11$" too small

Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER: terminating instance due to error 704

通过修改scn,让数据库顺利open

ORACLE丢失各种文件导致数据库不能OPEN恢复

在ORACLE的运行过程中,总会遇到这样那样的故障,本篇主要大概介绍关于因硬件,系统,误删除等各种原因导致数据库的部分文件丢失,这里列出来由于文件丢失而出现的常见错误和基本处理思路

1.丢失数据文件(ORA-01157)
SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 260046848 bytes
Fixed Size 1266896 bytes
Variable Size 83888944 bytes
Database Buffers 167772160 bytes
Redo Buffers 7118848 bytes
Database mounted.
ORA-01157: cannot identify/lock data file 4 – see DBWR trace file
ORA-01110: data file 4: ‘/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/users01.dbf’
数据文件丢失,处理方法:
1).使用备份还原丢失数据然后
2).非undo,system可以offline 掉该文件继续打开数据库
3).如果是undo需要谨慎,可能导致ORA-00376错误
4).如果是system offline可能导致ORA-01147

2. 丢失redo(ORA-00313)
SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 260046848 bytes
Fixed Size 1266896 bytes
Variable Size 83888944 bytes
Database Buffers 167772160 bytes
Redo Buffers 7118848 bytes
Database mounted.
ORA-00313: open failed for members of log group 1 of thread 1
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: ‘/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/redo01.log’
ORA-27037: unable to obtain file status
Linux Error: 2: No such file or directory
Additional information: 3
redo文件丢失,处理步骤:
1).查询v$log确认该redo是否是current或者active
2).确定该redo是否被归档
3).如果是inactive使用clear 或者 clear unarchived
4).如果是active或者current,需要通过不完全恢复,甚至隐含参数等方法解决

3. 丢失undo(ORA-01092 ORA-00376)
SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 260046848 bytes
Fixed Size 1266896 bytes
Variable Size 83888944 bytes
Database Buffers 167772160 bytes
Redo Buffers 7118848 bytes
Database mounted.
ORA-01157: cannot identify/lock data file 2 – see DBWR trace file
ORA-01110: data file 2: ‘/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/undotbs01.dbf’

SQL> alter database datafile 2 offline drop;

Database altered.

SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced

ORA-01092是前台错误,通过查询alert日志发现后台错误主要是:
Fri Oct 25 08:16:36 2013
Errors in file /u01/oracle/admin/XFF/bdump/xff_smon_7437.trc:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-00376: file 2 cannot be read at this time
ORA-01110: data file 2: ‘/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/undotbs01.dbf’
因为undo文件丢失,有事务无法正常回滚,从而出现该错误,需要通过使用隐含参数屏蔽事务来解决

4. 丢失system(ORA-01147)
SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 260046848 bytes
Fixed Size 1266896 bytes
Variable Size 83888944 bytes
Database Buffers 167772160 bytes
Redo Buffers 7118848 bytes
Database mounted.
ORA-01157: cannot identify/lock data file 1 – see DBWR trace file
ORA-01110: data file 1: ‘/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/system01.dbf’

SQL> alter database datafile 1 offline drop;

Database altered.

SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01147: SYSTEM tablespace file 1 is offline
ORA-01110: data file 1: ‘/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/system01.dbf’
system表空间是系统表空间,该表空间中的数据文件不能被offline,如果该表空间数据文件丢失,数据库无法正常方法,可以考虑使用bbed模拟system文件欺骗数据库(非file# 1)或者使用dul抽取数据

5. 丢失控制文件(ORA-00205 ORA-00202)
SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 260046848 bytes
Fixed Size 1266896 bytes
Variable Size 83888944 bytes
Database Buffers 167772160 bytes
Redo Buffers 7118848 bytes
ORA-00205: error in identifying control file, check alert log for more info

ORA-00205是前台错误,具体需要结合日志分析:
Fri Oct 25 08:35:40 2013
ALTER DATABASE MOUNT
Fri Oct 25 08:35:40 2013
ORA-00202: control file: ‘/u01/oracle/oradata/XFF/control01.ctl’
ORA-27037: unable to obtain file status
Linux Error: 2: No such file or directory
Additional information: 3
这里可以看出来,是因为控制问文件丢失该值该错误,处理办法:
1).使用备份控制文件还原
2).查找是否还有其他控制文件,拷贝一份
3).列举数据文件重建控制文件

如果你在使用这些思路进行恢复遇到突发情况不能自行解决,请联系我们,将为您提供专业数据库技术支持
Phone:13429648788    Q Q:107644445    E-Mail:dba@xifenfei.com

姊妹篇
undo异常总结和恢复思路
ORACLE REDO各种异常恢复

DUL10直接支持ORACLE 8.0

在以前的文章中,写过DUL挖ORACLE 8.0数据库,使用的是dul 8的版本,现在测试dul 10直接支持ORACLE 8.0数据库
数据库版本 ORACLE 8

SVRMGR> select * from v$version;
BANNER
----------------------------------------------------------------
Oracle8 Release 8.0.5.0.0 - Production
PL/SQL Release 8.0.5.0.0 - Production
CORE Version 4.0.5.0.0 - Production
TNS for 32-bit Windows: Version 8.0.5.0.0 - Production
NLSRTL Version 3.3.2.0.0 - Production
5 rows selected.

dul版本 DUL 10

e:\dul10>dul

Data UnLoader: 10.2.0.5.26 - Internal Only - on Sat Feb 15 15:54:15 2014
with 64-bit io functions

Copyright (c) 1994 2014 Bernard van Duijnen All rights reserved.

 Strictly Oracle Internal Use Only


Found db_id = 1207542366
Found db_name = ORCL

DUL读取数据文件

DUL> show datafiles;
ts# rf# start   blocks offs open  err file name
UNK   1     0   102401    0    1    0 C:\Users\XIFENFEI\Desktop\temp\SYS1ORCL.ORA

DUL10参数配置

DUL> show parameter;
_SLPE_DEBUG               = FALSE
ALLOW_CHECKSUM_MISMATCH   = TRUE
ALLOW_DBA_MISMATCH        = TRUE
ALLOW_OTHER_OBJNO         = TRUE
ALLOW_TRAILER_MISMATCH    = TRUE
ASM_DO_HARD_CHECKS        = TRUE
AUTO_UPDATE_CHECKSUM      = TRUE
AUTO_UPDATE_TRAILER       = TRUE
BUFFER                    = 10485760
CF_FILES                  = 1022
CF_TABLESPACES            = 64
COMPATIBLE                = 8
CONTROL_FILE              = control.txt
DB_BLOCK_SIZE             = 2048
DB_NAME                   =
DB_ID                     = 0
DC_COLUMNS                = 100000
DC_OBJECTS                = 128k
DC_TABLES                 = 10000
DC_USERS                  = 1000
DC_SEGMENTS               = 10000
DC_EXTENTS                = 10000
DEFAULT_CHARACTER_SET     =
DEFAULT_NATIONAL_CHARACTER_SET =
EXPORT_MODE               = false
FEEDBACK                  = 1000
FILE                      =
FILE_SIZE_IN_MB           = 0
LDR_ENCLOSE_CHAR          = |
LDR_OUTPUT_IN_UTF8        = FALSE
LDR_PHYS_REC_SIZE         = 0
LOGFILE                   = dul.log
MAX_OPEN_FILES            = 8
OSD_MAX_THREADS           = 1055
OSD_BIG_ENDIAN_FLAG       = false
OSD_DBA_FILE_BITS         = 10
OSD_FILE_LEADER_SIZE      = 1
OSD_C_STRUCT_ALIGNMENT    = 32
OSD_WORD_SIZE             = 32
PARSE_HEX_ESCAPES         = FALSE
RESET_LOGFILE             = FALSE
SCAN_DATABASE_SCANS_LOB_SEGMENTS = TRUE
SCAN_STEP_SIZE            = 512
TRACE_FLAGS               = 0
UNEXP_MAX_ERRORS          = 1000
UNEXP_VERBOSE             = FALSE
USE_LOB_FILES             = TRUE
USE_SCANNED_EXTENT_MAP    = FALSE
VERIFY_NUMBER_PRECISION   = TRUE
WARN_RECREATE_FILES       = TRUE
WRITABLE_DATAFILES        = FALSE

DUL10加载ORACLE 8数据字典

DUL> bootstrap;
Probing file = 1, block = 527
  database version 8 bootstrap$ at file 1, block 352
. unloading table                BOOTSTRAP$
DUL: Warning: block number is non zero but marked deferred trying to process it anyhow
      52 rows unloaded
DUL: Warning: Dictionary cache DC_BOOTSTRAP is empty
Reading BOOTSTRAP.dat 52 entries loaded
Parsing Bootstrap$ contents
DUL: Warning: Recreating file "dict.ddl"
Generating dict.ddl for version 8
 OBJ$: segobjno 18, file 1 block 167
 TAB$: segobjno 2, tabno 1, file 1  block 52
 COL$: segobjno 2, tabno 5, file 1  block 52
 USER$: segobjno 10, tabno 1, file 1  block 147
Running generated file "@dict.ddl" to unload the dictionary tables
. unloading table                      OBJ$    3504 rows unloaded
. unloading table                      TAB$     434 rows unloaded
. unloading table                      COL$   16185 rows unloaded
. unloading table                     USER$      24 rows unloaded
Reading USER.dat 24 entries loaded
Reading OBJ.dat 3504 entries loaded and sorted 3504 entries
Reading TAB.dat 434 entries loaded
Reading COL.dat 16185 entries loaded and sorted 16185 entries
Reading BOOTSTRAP.dat 52 entries loaded

DUL: Error: No entry in OBJ$ for "TABCOMPART$" type = 2
DUL: Error: No base dict info for SYS.TABCOMPART$
DUL: Error: No entry in OBJ$ for "INDCOMPART$" type = 2
DUL: Error: No base dict info for SYS.INDCOMPART$
DUL: Error: No entry in OBJ$ for "TABSUBPART$" type = 2
DUL: Error: No base dict info for SYS.TABSUBPART$
DUL: Error: No entry in OBJ$ for "INDSUBPART$" type = 2
DUL: Error: No base dict info for SYS.INDSUBPART$
DUL: Warning: Recreating file "dict.ddl"
Generating dict.ddl for version 8
 OBJ$: segobjno 18, file 1 block 167
 TAB$: segobjno 2, tabno 1, file 1  block 52
 COL$: segobjno 2, tabno 5, file 1  block 52
 USER$: segobjno 10, tabno 1, file 1  block 147
 TABPART$: segobjno 180, file 1 block 1275
 INDPART$: segobjno 182, file 1 block 1285
 IND$: segobjno 2, tabno 3, file 1  block 52
 ICOL$: segobjno 2, tabno 4, file 1  block 52
 LOB$: segobjno 2, tabno 8, file 1  block 52
Running generated file "@dict.ddl" to unload the dictionary tables
. unloading table                      OBJ$
DUL: Warning: Recreating file "OBJ.ctl"
    3504 rows unloaded
. unloading table                      TAB$
DUL: Warning: Recreating file "TAB.ctl"
     434 rows unloaded
. unloading table                      COL$
DUL: Warning: Recreating file "COL.ctl"
   16185 rows unloaded
. unloading table                     USER$
DUL: Warning: Recreating file "USER.ctl"
      24 rows unloaded
. unloading table                  TABPART$       0 rows unloaded
. unloading table                  INDPART$       0 rows unloaded
. unloading table                      IND$     525 rows unloaded
. unloading table                     ICOL$     899 rows unloaded
. unloading table                      LOB$      27 rows unloaded
Reading USER.dat 24 entries loaded
Reading OBJ.dat 3504 entries loaded and sorted 3504 entries
Reading TAB.dat 434 entries loaded
Reading COL.dat 16185 entries loaded and sorted 16185 entries
Reading TABPART.dat 0 entries loaded and sorted 0 entries
Reading INDPART.dat 0 entries loaded and sorted 0 entries
Reading IND.dat 525 entries loaded
Reading LOB.dat 27 entries loaded
Reading ICOL.dat 899 entries loaded
Reading BOOTSTRAP.dat 52 entries loaded

DUL 10 unload ORACLE 8 TABLE

DUL> unload table ts$;
. unloading table                       TS$       4 rows unloaded
DUL>

通过测试,证明DUL10可以完美支持ORACLE 8.0数据库,在以后的低版本数据使用dul unload过程中,可以直接使用最新版本,而不用去到处寻找老版本dul

ORACLE 8.0.5 ORA-01207故障恢复

朋友和我说,他的数据库ORACLE 8.0.5出现ORA-01207,进行了尝试恢复但是别未成功,让我协助其完成恢复
数据库版本

SVRMGR> select * from v$version;
BANNER
----------------------------------------------------------------
Oracle8 Release 8.0.5.0.0 - Production
PL/SQL Release 8.0.5.0.0 - Production
CORE Version 4.0.5.0.0 - Production
TNS for 32-bit Windows: Version 8.0.5.0.0 - Production
NLSRTL Version 3.3.2.0.0 - Production
5 rows selected.

open数据库报ORA-01207错误

SVRMGR> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ORA-01122: database file 1 failed verification check
ORA-01110: data file 1: 'D:\ORANT\DATABASE\SYS1ORCL.ORA'
ORA-01207: file is more recent than controlfile - old controlfile

出现该错误的原因是因为控制文件里面的scn或者checkpoint_time>数据文件中的对应值,从而出现该错误,解决方法重建控制文件或者执行recover using backup controlfile 之类命令

重建控制文件,并open报ORA-600[4147]

SVRMGR> alter database backup controlfile to trace;
Statement processed.
SVRMGR> shutdown immediate
ORA-01109: database not open
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
SVRMGR> STARTUP NOMOUNT
ORACLE instance started.
Total System Global Area                         15077376 bytes
Fixed Size                                          49152 bytes
Variable Size                                    12906496 bytes
Database Buffers                                  2048000 bytes
Redo Buffers                                        73728 bytes
SVRMGR> CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE "ORCL" NORESETLOGS NOARCHIVELOG
     2>     MAXLOGFILES 32
     3>     MAXLOGMEMBERS 2
     4>     MAXDATAFILES 32
     5>     MAXINSTANCES 16
     6>     MAXLOGHISTORY 3260
     7> LOGFILE
     8>   GROUP 1 'D:\ORANT\DATABASE\LOG4ORCL.ORA'  SIZE 1M,
     9>   GROUP 2 'D:\ORANT\DATABASE\LOG3ORCL.ORA'  SIZE 1M,
    10>   GROUP 3 'D:\ORANT\DATABASE\LOG2ORCL.ORA'  SIZE 1M,
    11>   GROUP 4 'D:\ORANT\DATABASE\LOG1ORCL.ORA'  SIZE 1M
    12> DATAFILE
    13>   'D:\ORANT\DATABASE\SYS1ORCL.ORA',
    14>   'D:\ORANT\DATABASE\USR1ORCL.ORA',
    15>   'D:\ORANT\DATABASE\RBS1ORCL.ORA',
    16>   'D:\ORANT\DATABASE\TMP1ORCL.ORA'
    17> ;
Statement processed.
SVRMGR> recover database using backup controlfile;
ORA-00279: change 46960617 generated at 01/31/14 18:51:49 needed for thread 1
ORA-00289: suggestion : D:\ORANT\RDBMS80\ARC12900.1
Specify log: {<RET>=suggested | filename | AUTO | CANCEL}
D:\ORANT\DATABASE\LOG3ORCL.ORA
Log applied.
Media recovery complete.
SVRMGR> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4147], [16], [1], [], [], [], [], []

The ORA-600[4147] basically indicates some kind of corruption with the UNDO (rollback segment)block, most probably due to a lost write to the rollback segment.
ORA-600[4147]是因为回滚段坏块导致(具体是因为undoblock的scn无效),解决方法是用dul找出来回滚段,并屏蔽之

继续恢复报ORA-00600[3668]

SVRMGR> shutdown immediate
ORA-01109: database not open
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
SVRMGR> startup
ORACLE instance started.
Total System Global Area                         15077376 bytes
Fixed Size                                          49152 bytes
Variable Size                                    12906496 bytes
Database Buffers                                  2048000 bytes
Redo Buffers                                        73728 bytes
Database mounted.
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [3668], [1], [2], [17232], [17232], [4], [], []

ORA-00600[3668]是因为在ORACLE 7.0到9.2的版本中The FIRST time an attempt has been made to start an instance after a CREATE CONTROLFILE command has been issued.
At least one data file needs MEDIA RECOVERY.在9.2.0.x及其以后版本报:ORA-1113: file needs media recovery.
通过重建控制文件,执行recover database,再open数据库恢复成功